Different authorities of European countries publish regular statistical reports on the operation of their asylum systems.
Publicly available statistics from national authorities include data periodically – on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis depending on the country – made available by the following sources:
|AT||Federal Ministry of Interior||DE|
|BE||Commissioner-General for Refugees; Aliens Office||FR / FR|
|BG||State Agency for Refugees||EN|
|DE||Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF)||DE|
|HU||Immigration and Asylum Office; Hungarian Helsinki Committee||EN / EN|
|IE||International Protection Office||EN|
|IT||Dpt. of Civil Liberties and Immigration, Ministry of Interior||IT|
|NL||Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND)||EN|
|PL||Office for Foreigners||PL|
|SI||Ministry of Interior||SI|
|CH||State Secretariat for Migration||FR|
|NO||Directorate for Immigration||EN|
Calculation of decisions and recognition rates
Insofar as possible, references to decisions on asylum applications take into account “in-merit decisions” only, meaning decisions following a substantive examination of whether an asylum seeker qualifies or not for international protection. This excludes decisions such as: (i) “inadmissibility decisions”, whether due to the application of the Dublin Regulation or based on other grounds e.g. “safe third country”, subsequent applications without new elements; and (ii) “technical decisions” taken for example when an application is withdrawn or discontinued.
Accordingly, “recognition rates” are also calculated on the basis of in-merit decisions only, where these are available.
For some countries such as Belgium, national statistical reports of the Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS) discern the overall number of in-merit decisions. However, negative decisions on specific nationalities only provide a general figure encompassing in-merit rejections and inadmissibility decisions. Accordingly, recognition rates for specific nationalities in Belgium include inadmissibility decisions as well.
For other countries where data are not published by national authorities, information is obtained from Eurostat. Note, however, that this may also affect the calculation of recognition rates, given that according to Eurostat technical guidelines, rejection decisions in the Eurostat database include both in-merit negative decisions and inadmissibility decisions.