Asylum seekers from Safe Countries of Origin are subject to special reception conditions. Asylum seekers from these countries are obliged to stay in initial reception centres for the whole duration of their procedure. Furthermore, since March 2016, accelerated procedures can be carried out for applicants from safe countries of origin (see Accelerated Procedure). For the purpose of the accelerated procedure, asylum seekers have to be accommodated in “special reception centres”, only two of which have been established in 2016 in Bamberg and Manching/Ingolstadt.
Although it may prove difficult in practice to enforce the obligation to stay in initial reception centres for an indefinite period, these provisions mean that asylum seekers from safe countries of origin will usually not have access to decentralised accommodation, i.e. apartments.
Furthermore, since asylum seekers are barred from access to the labour market as long as they are obliged to stay in an initial reception centre, these provisions also result in asylum seekers from safe countries of origin being excluded from work.