Statistics

United Kingdom

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Refugee Council Visit Website

Overview of statistical practice

Statistics on asylum are published as part of a package of immigration statistics on a quarterly basis by the National Statistics authority,[1] using Home Office administrative sources. Where statistics are not made available, they are requested directly from the Home Office using a Parliamentary Question.[2] Difficulties have also been encountered with regard to Home Office responses to freedom of information (FOI) requests.[3] The numbers include dependants.

 

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2019

 

Applicants in 2019

Pending at end 2019

Refugee status

Subsidiary protection

Rejection

Refugee rate

Subs. Prot. rate

Rejection rate

Total

44,494

51,213

12,565

1,241

13,477

45%

4%

48%

 

Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers

 

 

Iran

5,464

4,531

2,723

6

1,355

65%

0.1%

32%

Albania

3,970

6,298

279

1

1,284

13%

<0.1%

60%

Iraq

3,901

4,381

573

179

2,145

18%

6%

68%

Pakistan

2,566

3,517

401

3

845

25%

0.2%

53%

Afghanistan

2,062

2,626

993

60

605

53%

3%

32%

Eritrea

1,927

1,611

1,785

3

263

86%

0.1%

13%

India

1,910

2,048

6

0

807

0.4%

0

52%

Sudan

1,784

1,488

1,625

3

285

83%

0.2%

15%

Vietnam

1,584

2,380

266

54

340

33%

7%

42%

China

1,479

1,583

37

2

390

4%

0.2%

46%

                   

 

Source: UK government statistical data release February 2020, available at: https://bit.ly/3awmb9O. The rejection figures include inadmissibility decisions.

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2019

 

 

Number

Percentage

Total number of applicants

44,494

Men

23,554

53%

Women

10,480

24%

Children

6,792

15%

Unaccompanied children

3,651

8%

 

Source: UK government statistical data release February 2020, available at: https://bit.ly/3awmb9O

 

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2019

 

 

First instance

Appeal

 

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Total number of decisions

28,174

9,625

:

Positive decisions[4]

             14,910

:

:

:

  • Refugee status

12,565

45%

3,969

41%

  • Humanitarian protection

1,241

4%

n/a

:

  • Discretionary leave

158

0.5

n/a

:

Negative decisions[5]

13,658

48%

4,998

52%

 

Source: UK government statistical data release February 2020, available at: https://bit.ly/3awmb9O. The figures relating to appeal refer to number of cases, not individuals (i.e. they do not include dependants), while the percentage of appeals does not include withdrawn appeals.

 

 

[1]National Statistics Authority, available at: https://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/. See also Home Office, Immigration Statistics, available at: https://bit.ly/3awmb9O .

[2]Parliament, Parliamentary Questions, available at: http://bit.ly/2kL0olB.

[3]See e.g. Information Commissioner, Decision FS50646722, 12 January 2017, available at: http://bit.ly/2kQ5TiU.

[4]Includes grants of other leave.

[5]The total of refusals and grants of UASC leave.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection