Statistics

United Kingdom

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 25/03/21

Author

Refugee Council Visit Website

Overview of statistical practice

 

Statistics on asylum are published as part of a package of immigration statistics on a quarterly basis by the National Statistics authority,[1] using Home Office administrative sources. Where statistics are not made available, they are requested directly from the Home Office using a Parliamentary Question.[2] Difficulties have also been encountered with regard to Home Office responses to freedom of information (FOI) requests.[3] The numbers include dependants.

 

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2020

 

  First time Applicants[4] Pending (and pending appeal) at end of 2020 [5] Refugee status Subsidiary protection Rejection Refugee rate[6] Sub. Prot. rate Rejection rate
Total 36,041 64,895 7,546 1,012 6,675 34% 5% 30%
 

Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers

 

Iran 4,199 6,056 (333) 1,363 3 364 78% 0.2% 21%
Iraq 3,281 5,244 (846) 356 91 871 25% 6% 62%
Albania 3,071 8,163 (328) 395 4 540 40% 0.4% 55%
Eritrea 2,604 3,044 (67) 827 1 46 95% 0.1% 5 %
Sudan 2,153 2,215 (65) 817 2 56 93% 0.1% 6%
Syria 1,746 2,205 (26) 551 6 19 95% 1% 3%
Afghanistan 1,546 2,894 (333) 554 10 336 61% 1% 37%
Pakistan 1,525 3,889 (352) 268 1 540 30% 0.1% 61%
India 1,046 2,119 (158) 6 1 547 1% 0.2% 94%
Vietnam 2,818 982 (128) 313 9 148 64% 2% 30%

Source: National Statistics Authority; Home Office. All percentages are calculated from total decisions omitting inadmissibility decisions and withdrawn claims.

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2020

 

  Number Percentage
Total number of applicants 36,041
Men 20,671 57
Women 7,707 21
Children 5,348 15
Unaccompanied children 2,291 5

 

Source: UK government statistical data release February 2021.

 

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2020

 

  First instance Appeal
  Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total number of decisions[7] 15,788 3,784  
Positive decisions[8]              9,048 57%    
  • Refugee status
7,546                48% 1,481 39%
  • Humanitarian protection
1,012 6%    
  • Discretionary leave
92 0.6%    
Negative decisions[9] 6,750 43% 1,882 50%

 

Source: UK government statistical data release February 2021. The figures relating to appeal refer to number of cases, not individuals (i.e. they do not include dependants), while the percentage of appeals does not include withdrawn appeals.

[1]National Statistics Authority, available at: https://www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/. See also Home Office, Immigration Statistics, available at: https://bit.ly/3awmb9O .

[2]Parliament, Parliamentary Questions, available at: http://bit.ly/2kL0olB.

[3]See e.g. Information Commissioner, Decision FS50646722, 12 January 2017, available at: http://bit.ly/2kQ5TiU.

[4]No information on subsequent applicants is available.

[5]Pending initial decisions. Number in brackets is number of additional cases pending an appeal

[6]All percentages are calculated from total decisions omitting inadmissibility decisions and withdrawn claims.

[7]Excludes withdrawn claims and inadmissibility decisions

[8]Includes grants of other leave.

[9]The total of refusals and grants of UASC leave.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection