United Kingdom

Country Report

Country Report: United Kingdom Last updated: 30/05/23


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The preparation of the first report and subsequent four updates were prepared by Gina Clayton on a consultancy basis, under the coordination of Asylum Aid. The 2016-2021 updates were prepared by Judith Dennis of the Refugee Council, and edited by ECRE. This 2022 update was prepared by Judith Dennis and Jon Featonby of the Refugee Council and edited by ECRE.

Information was obtained through a combination of desk-based research and consultation with relevant stakeholders. The author relied heavily on information and analysis provided by a variety of sources, in particular the Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association (ILPA), Association of Visitors to Immigration Detainees (AVID), Freemovement and Migration Observatory.

The information in this report is up-to-date as of 31 December 2022 unless otherwise stated.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection