United Kingdom

Country Report

Country Report: United Kingdom Last updated: 24/04/24


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This 2023 update was prepared by Sonia Lenegan, independent expert, and edited by ECRE. The preparation of the first report and subsequent four updates were prepared by Gina Clayton on a consultancy basis, under the coordination of Asylum Aid. The 2016-2021 updates were prepared by Judith Dennis of the Refugee Council and edited by ECRE. The 2022 update was prepared by Judith Dennis and Jon Featonby of the Refugee Council and edited by ECRE.

Information was obtained through a combination of desk-based research and consultation with relevant stakeholders. The author relied heavily on information and analysis provided by a variety of sources, in particular the Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association (ILPA), Association of Visitors to Immigration Detainees (AVID), Free Movement and Migration Observatory.

The information in this report is up to date as of 31 December 2023 unless otherwise stated.

All conversions from pounds to EUR on based on the exchange rate of the European Commission as of April 2024.


To access the updated report, you can navigate through the table of contents on the right end side or download the full report (in PDF) above.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection