In the Reception Act, there is no difference in treatment concerning reception based on nationality. The Reception Act does not exclude asylum seekers from safe countries of origin and EU citizens.
In practice, EU citizens applying for asylum and their family members are not accommodated by Fedasil. Fedasil argues that EU citizens are legally on the territory since they are exercising their freedom of movement, but the Federal Ombudsman has discarded this argument because it goes against the interpretation of “legal residence” by the Constitutional Court and violates provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the constitutional non-discrimination and equality principles, when it considers EU families with minor children. EU citizens applying for asylum can challenge the formal refusal decision of Fedasil (known as “non-designation of a code 207”) before the Labour Court.
In the current reception model, asylum seekers with a nationality which has a recognition rate above 80% are entitled to be transferred from collective asylum centres to individual places after 2 months (see Forms and levels of material reception conditions).