Statistics

Belgium

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 01/04/21

Author

Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen Visit Website

Overview of statistical practice

 

The Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless persons (CGRS) publishes monthly statistical reports, providing information on asylum applicants and first instance decisions.[1] In addition, statistical information may be found in the reports of the Contact Group on International Protection, bringing together national authorities, UNHCR and civil society organisations.[2]

 

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2020

 

Applicants in 2020 Pending at end 2020 Refugee status Subsidiary protection Rejection Protection rate Refugee rate Subs. Prot. rate Rejection rate
Total 16,910

 

15,775

 

4,888

 

948

 

10,592

 

34,1% 29,8% 5,7% 64,5%
Breakdown by main countries of origin:
Afghanistan 3,104 1,679 208 365 1.067 32,9% 12,7% 22,3% 65%
Syrië 1,725 1,082 1.331 168 988 62,8% 53,5% 6,8% 39,7%
Irak 864 625 163 49 794 20,3% 16,2% 4,9% 78,9%
Eritrea 832 641 612 0 147 78,6% 80,6% / 19,4%
Palestina 788 1,753 307 2 1.227 19,5% 20% 0,1% 79,9%
Somalië 747 351 270 73 271 51,7% 44% 11,9% 44,1%
Turkije 671 553 367 0 217 60,4% 62,8% / 37,2%
Guinee 656 713 182 3 681 21,9% 21% 0,4% 78,6%
El Salvador 538 908 32 34 834 7,8% 3,6% 3,8% 92,7%
Albanië 447 154 7 0 414 1,6% 1,7% / 98,3%

 

Source: CGRS. The figures provided in the first row on total decisions refer to persons (not to cases), while the total rates refer to the number of cases (not persons). These decisions were taken by the CGRS in 2020, irrespective of the year of submission of the asylum application. The figures provided in the other rows, i.e. the breakdown by 10 countries of origin, also refer to persons (not to cases). Rejection includes inadmissibility decisions.

In terms of number of cases however the number of decisions provided by the CGRS is as follows: 3,743 refugee status, 845 subsidiary protection, and 8,854 rejections.[3] The protection rate is the proportion of cases (one case can include several persons) for which the CGRS granted refugee status or subsidiary protection status in relation to the total number of cases in which a final decision was taken (= the total number of decisions – interim decisions) – withdrawals & cessations. In 2020, the CGRS took 4,487 inadmissibility decisions, which concerned 3,748 (this includes 5 subcategories: subsequent applications, international protection in another EU Member State, accompanied minor making his/her own request for international protection, first country of asylum and nationals of EU Member states). A breakdown per subcategory and per country is not available.

The higher proportion of inadmissibility decisions for subsequent applicants (mainly Afghans and Iraqis) and especially for applicants who already benefit from protection in another Member State (mainly Syrians, Palestinians, Iraqis and Afghans) are the main reason for the decrease of the protection rate. When these cases are not taken into consideration, the protection rate is at 47,3%.[4]

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2020

 

  Number Percentage
Total number of applicants 16,910 100%
Men 8,255 48,8%
Women 3,487 20,6%
Accompanied children 5,168 22,7%
Unaccompanied children * 1,335 7,9%

 

Source: CGRS. Situation on 8 January 2021.

 

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2020

 

  First instance Appeal
  Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total number of decisions 17.384 100% : :
Positive decisions 5.836 33,6% : :
Refugee status 4.888 28,1% : :
Subsidiary protection 948 5,5% : :
Negative decisions 10.592 60,9% : :
Intermediary decisions 794 4,6% : :
Protection status ended or revoked 162 0,9% : :
Annulments : :

 

Source: CGRS, CALL. The percentage at first instance is calculated on the total number of decisions, which also includes intermediary decisions as well as cessations and revocations. Statistics on the appeal procedure were not available at the time of writing.

 

 

[1]        CGRS, Figures, available in French at: http://bit.ly/2XYZoiL.

[2]        Myria, Contact group international protection, available in French at: http://bit.ly/2l1LR47.

[3]       CGRS, Figures 2020, available in French at: http://bit.ly/2XYZoiL, 7.

[4]        CGRS, Statistiques d’asile – bilan 2020, available at: http://bit.ly/2XYZoiL.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation