Statistics

Belgium

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen Visit Website

Overview of statistical practice

The Commissioner-General for Refugees and Stateless persons (CGRS) publishes monthly statistical reports, providing information on asylum applicants and first instance decisions.[1] In addition, statistical information may be found in the reports of the Contact Group on International Protection, bringing together national authorities, UNHCR and civil society organisations.[2]

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2019

 

Applicants in 2019

Pending at end 2019

Refugee status

Subsidiary protection

Rejection

Refugee rate

Subs. Prot. rate

Rejection rate

Total

27,742

13,089

5,776

943

10,476

31.4%

5.5%

63.1%

Breakdown by 10 countries of origin

Afghanistan

3,400

976

343

331

1,417

16.4%

15.8%

67.8%

Syria

3,138

1,559

1,348

293

850

54.1%

11.7%

34.2%

Palestine

2,407

1,865

172

1

610

22%

0.1%

77.9%

Iraq

1,475

612

368

123

1,211

21.6%

7.2%

71.2%

El Salvador

1,369

805

117

3

43

71.8%

1.8%

26.4%

Eritrea

1,187

423

379

0

115

76.3%

0%

23.7%

Turkey

1,077

417

658

2

284

69.8%

0.2%

30%

Guinee

983

898

204

4

537

27.3%

0.5%

72.2%

Somalia

945

375

165

37

308

32.3%

7.2%

60.5%

Iran

776

390

294

0

100

74.6%

0%

25.4%

Source: CGRS. The figures provided in the first row on total decisions refer to persons (not to cases), while the total rates refer to the number of cases (not persons). These decisions were taken by the CGRS in 2019, irrespective of the year of submission of the asylum application. The figures provided in the other rows, i.e. the breakdown by 10 countries of origin, also refer to persons (not to cases). Rejection includes inadmissibility decisions

In terms of number of cases however the number of decisions provided by the CGRS is as follows: 4,350 refugee status, 767 subsidiary protection, and 8,748 rejections.[3] The protection rate is the proportion of cases (one case can include several persons) for which the CGRS granted refugee status or subsidiary protection status in relation to the total number of cases in which a final decision was taken (= the total number of decisions – interim decisions) – withdrawals & cessations. In 2019, the CGRS took 4,747 inadmissibility decisions, which concerned 3,995 files (this includes 5 subcategories: subsequent applications, international protection in another EU Member State, accompanied minor making his/her own request for international protection, first country of asylum and nationals of EU Member states). A breakdown per subcategory and per country is not available.

The higher proportion of inadmissibility decisions for subsequent applicants (mainly Afghans and Iraqis) and especially for applicants who already benefit from protection in another Member State (mainly Syrians, Palestinians, Iraqis and Afghans) are the main reason for the decrease of the protection rate. When these cases are not taken into consideration, the protection rate is at 50.5%.[4]

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2019

 

 

Number

Percentage

Total number of applicants

27,742

100%

Men (incl.  male children)

13,821

49.8 %

Women (incl.  female children)

6,001

21.6 %

Children (incl.  unaccompanied children)

6,700

24.2%

Unaccompanied children

1,220

4.4 %

 

Source: CGRS

 

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2019

 

 

First instance

Appeal

 

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Total number of decisions

18,544

100%

4,867

100%

Positive decisions

6,719

36.2%

344

7.07 %

Refugee status

5,776

31.1%

280

5.75 %

Subsidiary protection

943

5.1%

64

1.31 %

Protection status revoked or ended

249

1.3%

:

:

Intermediary decisions

1,100

5.9 %

:

:

Negative decisions

10,476

56.5 %

4,007

82.33 %

Annulments

:

:

516

10.6 %

Source: CGRS, CALL. The percentage at first instance is calculated on the total number of decisions, which also includes intermediary decisions as well as cessations and revocations.


[1] CGRS, Figures, available in French at: https://bit.ly/36mFWOs.

[2] Myria, Contact group international protection, available in French at: http://bit.ly/2l1LR47.

[3] CGRS, Figures 2019, available in French at : http://bit.ly/2WkgNCP, 6.

[4] CGRS, Figures, available at: https://bit.ly/36mFWOs.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation