Country Report

Country Report: Belgium Last updated: 08/04/22


Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen Visit Website

This report was written by Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen (Flemish Refugee Action), and was edited by ECRE.


This report draws on statistical information obtained from the competent administrative agencies, information obtained through the monthly contact meetings between the asylum authorities and civil society, analysis of legislation, practices and case law. Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen also gathers crucial information from its own activities. Vluchtelingenwerk has a legal helpdesk through which it receives numerous questions on the rights and position of asylum seekers, refugees and persons benefitting from subsidiary protection. It is also present at the entrance of the asylum authorities where it provides newly arrived asylum seekers with crucial information about the asylum procedure and their rights in Belgium. This allows to swiftly monitor any changes in the profiles of asylum seekers and in the registration practice. Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen also monitors the situation of asylum seekers in detention and coordinates a platform of NGOs visiting the detention centres in Belgium.

Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen wishes to thank all those who provided information that was essential for the compilation of this report. Particular thanks for their contribution to this update are owed to: Fedasil; the Immigration Office; the Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS); the Council of Alien Law Litigation (CALL); the Guardianship Service of the Ministry of Justice; Vlaamse Vereniging voor Steden en Gemeentes (VVSG); Myria (Federal Migration Centre); MOVE; and ECRE.


The information in this report is up-to-date as of 31 December 2021, unless otherwise stated.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation