Detention of vulnerable applicants


Country Report: Detention of vulnerable applicants Last updated: 10/07/24


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The Asylum Act defines an ‘applicant in need of special procedural guarantees’ in terms of reduced ability to benefit from the rights and comply with the obligations stemming from the Asylum Act due to their individual circumstances.[1] Even though it does not include an exhaustive list of asylum seekers presumed to be in need of special procedural guarantees, it refers to age, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, disability, serious illness, mental disorders, torture, rape or other serious forms of psychological, physical or sexual violence as possible factors underlying individual circumstances that could lead to the need of special procedural guarantees.[2]

Within these applicants, the Asylum Act identifies a sub-category of individuals whose special procedural needs result from torture, rape, or other serious forms of psychological, physical or sexual violence that may be exempted from border procedures and hence detention.[3] Furthermore, it clearly determines that placement of unaccompanied and separated children in detention facilities at the border must comply with applicable international recommendations such as those by UNHCR, UNICEF, and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).[4]




[1] Article 17-A(1) Asylum Act.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Article 17-A(4) Asylum Act.

[4] Article 26(2) Asylum Act. For detailed information on the practices concerning detention of children in previous years, please refer to the corresponding AIDA reports.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation