Statistics

Spain

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 25/03/21

Author

Overview of statistical practice

Statistics in Spain are collected by the Office on Asylum and Refuge (OAR), and published on an annual basis by the Ministry of Interior.

 

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2019

 

Applicants in 2019

Pending at end 2019

Refugee status

Subsidiary protection

Humanitarian protection

Rejection

Refugee rate

Sub. Prot. rate

Hum. Prot. rate

Rejection rate

Total

117,800

:

1,640

1,540

35,240

19,620

2.8%

2.6%

60.7%

33.9%

 

 

 

Breakdown by top 5 countries of origin of the total numbers

 

Venezuela

40,135

:

50

0

35,130

190

0.1%

0%

99.4%

0.5%

Columbia

29,285

:

50

0

10

4,270

1.1%

0%

0.3%

98.6%

Honduras

6,780

:

225

0

15

950

18.9%

0%

1.3%

79.8%

Nicaragua

5,905

:

165

0

0

785

17.3%

0%

0%

82.7%

El Salvador

4,770

:

245

0

20

1,790

11.9%

0%

0.9%

87.2%

 

Source: Eurostat.

 

The Ministry of Interior also released limited statistics at the beginning of 2020.[1]  According to the latter, the total number of applications lodged (‘solicitudes presentadas‘) in 2019 was 118,264, out of which the large majority originated from Latin-American countries, namely Venezuela (40,906), Colombia (29,363), Honduras (6,792), Nicaragua (5,931) and El Salvador (4,784). Moreover, a total of 111,740 cases were pending at the end of 2019.

In terms of positive decisions, the number of humanitarian protection (35,237) exceeded by far the number of refugee status (1,660) and subsidiary protection status (1,569). The majority of positive decisions (refugee status and subsidiary protection) were granted to individuals originating from Syria (1,119), El Salvador (245), Honduras (226), Morocco (196) and Nicaragua (167), while the quasi majority of humanitarian protection status were granted to Venezuelans (35,128).

In terms of negative decisions, a total of 14,939 applications were rejected on the merits and 2,200 were removed from the register. The negative decisions mainly concerned nationals from Colombia (3,896), El Salvador (1,722), Palestine (1,053), Ukraine (1,024) and Honduras (779).

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2019

 

Number

Percentage

Total number of applicants

140,637

100%

Men

64,541

46%

Women

53,723

38%

Children

22,373

16%

Unaccompanied children

Source:  Ministry of Interior – OAR, avalaible in Spanish at:  https://cutt.ly/7tOpeDg.

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2019

 

First instance

Appeal

 

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Total number of decisions

58,035

100%

Positive decisions

38,420

66.2%

Refugee status

1,640

2.8%

Subsidiary protection

1,540

2.6%

Humanitarian protection

35,240

60.7%

Negative decisions

19,620

33.9%

Source: Eurostat. For figures from the Ministry of Interior on first instance decisions, see above.



[1]           Ministry of Interior – OAR, ‘Avance de datos de protección internacional, aplicación del Reglamento de Dublín y reconocimiento del estatuto de apátrida Datos provisionales acumulados entre el 1 de enero y el 31 de diciembre de 2019’, avalaible in Spanish at:  https://cutt.ly/7tOpeDg.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation