Criteria and conditions


Country Report: Criteria and conditions Last updated: 30/11/20



Family reunification is governed by Articles 34-35 LFIP. While the law allows refugees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries to be reunited with family members,[1] under preferential conditions compared to other foreigners, conditional refugees are excluded from family reunification altogether. That is also implied by the fact that international protection beneficiaries are not granted a Residence Permit, whereas the law requires the sponsor to have resided in Turkey for more than one year on a residence permit.[2] Refugees and subsidiary protection holders are expressly exempt from this condition, but conditional refugees are not.[3]

A refugee or beneficiary of subsidiary protection may reunite with the following family members:[4]

  • Spouse, whereby only one spouse may benefit from family reunification in the case of polygamous marriages;[5]
  • Minor children or minor children of the spouse;
  • Dependent children or dependent children of the spouse.

As of January 2020 Türk Kızılay had received 1,696 requests for family reunification in total.[6] The procedure takes up to 6 months or one year until the arrival of family members in Turkey.[7]


[1] Article 34(1) LFIP; Article 30(1)(d) RFIP.

[2] Article 35(1)(ç) LFIP.

[3]Article 35(4) LFIP.

[4]Article 34 LFIP; Article 30 RFIP.

[5] Article 34(2) LFIP; Article 30(3) RFIP.

[6] Türk Kızılay, Syrian Crisis Humanitarian Relief Operation, January 2020, 34.

[7] Ibid.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Turkey
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection