Access to the labour market


Country Report: Access to the labour market Last updated: 23/02/22


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Access to the labour market is automatic and unconditional. There is no difference between refugees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries in this respect. No labour market test is applied and access is not limited to certain sectors. Beneficiaries of international protection face the usual obstacles related to lack of language knowledge and related lack of adequate state support for vocational training, if necessary or offered.

Professional qualifications obtained in the country of origin are not recognised in general. The law does not provide for a solution with respect to refugees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries except the general rules and conditions for legalization of diplomas. On its own, the latter constitutes a complicated procedure which in most of the cases requires re-taking of exams and educational levels.

In 2021, only 7 beneficiaries of international protection and 2 asylum seekers were registered as seeking employment.[1]


[1]           National Employment Agency, Exh.№ РД-08-54141 from 14 December 2020.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation