Long-term residence


Country Report: Long-term residence Last updated: 18/04/24


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Long-term residence is not applicable for refugees and subsidiary protection holders at all, as they get their identity cards issued automatically by the police on the basis of the SAR’s decision granting status. Therefore, refugees and subsidiary protection holders are not issued additional residence permits at all. Recognised refugees are ex lege considered equal in rights with Bulgarian nationals,[1] subject to a few exceptions,[2] whereas individuals granted subsidiary protection enjoy the same rights as the permanent residents.

Refugees and subsidiary protection holders can apply and receive long-term residence in 5 years after their recognition.[3] However, in practice, this opportunity is useful only for subsidiary protection holders to whom the long-term residence card guarantees visa-free travel within the EU.




[1] Article 32 LAR.

[2] To vote and be elected in local and/or general elections, to serve in the military or as a government official, if citizenship is required to occupy the position of the latter, as well as other exceptions if such have been explicitly promulgated.

[3] Article 24г(4) LARB.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation