Freedom of movement


Country Report: Freedom of movement Last updated: 11/05/23


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Beneficiaries of protection are entirely free to settle in any part of French territory. They are not restricted to specific areas.

The law states that the duration of validity of their travel documents is defined by Article 953 of the General Tax Code: 5 years for refugees, if it is a biometric travel document, and one year for beneficiaries of subsidiary protection.[1] French law does not provide for duration of validity of non-biometric travel documents. Official French websites, however, assert that the duration of validity of travel documents for refugees is 2 years.[2] In practice, whereas the law is clear on the 5-year duration, Prefectures issue only 2-year travel documents for refugees.




[1] Article L.753-4 Ceseda.

[2] See Ministry of Interior, Accueil des Etrangers, at:

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation