Statistics

France

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 30/11/20

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Overview of statistical practice

In France, detailed statistics on asylum applications and first instance decisions are published annually by the Office of Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons (OFPRA) in its activity reports. The next OFPRA Activity Report will be published in spring 2020, several months after the end of the reporting year.[1] Statistics on the second instance procedure are to be found in the National Court of Asylum (CNDA) annual reports, which are also published several months after the end of their reporting period.[2]

However, thanks to “SI Asile”, an information system established by the Ministry of Interior in 2016, some provisional data are made available by the Ministry each year, in January.[3]

 

Discrepancies in statistics

 

The various sources of statistics provide different figures on the number of persons seeking asylum in France:[4]

  • OFPRA statistics only cover persons who have lodged an asylum application with OFPRA. As discussed in Registration, those falling under a Dublin procedure are not allowed to lodge their claim. The Ministry of Interior admits that the statistics France provides to Eurostat are incomplete insofar as these are based on OFPRA figures;[5]
  • Ministry of Interior statistics refer to persons registered at a “single desk” (guichet unique de demande d’asile, GUDA).
  • Persons re-channelled from a Dublin procedure to a regular or accelerated procedure (requalifiés) in 2018 do not appear in Ministry of Interior statistics if their application has been registered at the GUDA in previous years. They do, however, appear in OFPRA statistics.

Applications registered by the GUDA in France are higher than the reported number of applications lodged with OFPRA. In 2019, 154,620 persons have been registered as asylum seekers by the Ministry of Interior (compared to 139,330 in 2018), of which 143,030 as first applicants (128,890 in 2018) and 11,590 subsequent applicants (10,440 in 2018). For its part, OFPRA reported 132,614 lodged asylum applications (compared to 122,743 in 2018). The latter include a part of 26,350 requalifiés from previous Dublin procedures.

Finally, the Ministry of Interior figures indicate the number of persons seeking international protection in France but a detailed nationality breakdown is only provided for applications lodged with OFPRA.

 

Applications and granting of protection status at first instance: 2019

 

 

First time applicants in 2019

Pending at end 2019

Refugee status

Subsidiary protection

Rejection

Refugee rate

Subs. Prot. rate

Rejection rate

Total

128,940

:

17,350

10,780

85,750

15.2%

9,4%

75.4%

 

Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers

 

 

Afghanistan

9,995

:

685

4,745

3,250

7.8%

54.5%

37.7%

Albania

8.010

:

180

640

10,210

1.6%

5.8%

92.6%

Georgia

7,735

:

165

245

9,550

1.6%

2.4%

96%

Guinea

6,600

:

1,100

240

5,710

15.6%

3.4%

81%

Bangladesh

5,810

:

265

160

3,665

6.4%

3.9%

89.7%

Ivory-Coast

5,485

:

765

210

3,230

18.1%

4.9%

77%

Haiti

4,715

:

215

135

4,100

4.8%

3%

92.2%

Nigeria

4,465

:

175

75

2,865

5.6%

2.4%

92%

Mali

3,665

:

320

35

3,310

8.7%

0.9%

90.4%

DRC

4,240

:

1,225

180

2,680

29.9%

4.4%

65.7%

                   

 

Source: Eurostat. It should be noted however that OFPRA statistics published by the Ministry of Interior in January 2020 (see supra) differ from the ones provided by Eurostat as the OFPRA does not provide the total number of first time applicants. The latter only provides statistics on first adults applicants (101,762 in 2019) and the total number of minors including subsequent applications (21,768 in 2019). According to OFPRA’s statistics on first time applicants in 2019 (excluding minors) the first 5 countries of origin were Afghanistan (9,163), Guinea (6,027); Georgia (5,780), Albania (5,599) and Bangladesh (5,457).

 

Moreover there is a different calculation of the protection rate as OFPRA publishes the rate based on decisions (one decision for each family) and Eurostat on persons. Thus, in 2019, the refugee rate was 14.7% (14,066 decisions) and the subsidiary protection rate was 8.9% (8,466 decisions), while the rejection rate reached 76.4% (73,045 decisions) according to OFPRA’s statistics.

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2019

 

 

Number

Percentage

Total number of applicants

132,614

:

Men

:

:

Women

:

:

Children

:

:

Unaccompanied children

:

:

Source: Ministry of Interior. The total number of applicants includes Dublin cases.

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2019

 

 

First instance

Appeal

 

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Total number of decisions

95,577

100%

66,466

100%

Positive decisions

22,532

23.6%

13,980

21%

Refugee status

14,066

14.7%

9,337

14%

Subsidiary protection

8,466

8.9%

4,643

7%

Referral for humanitarian status

Negative decisions

73,045

76.4%

52,486

79%

 

Source: Ministry of Interior



[1]   OFPRA, Rapports d’activité, available in French at: https://goo.gl/zA8i7X.

[2]    CNDA, Rapports annuels, available in French at: http://www.cnda.fr/La-CNDA/Donnees-chiffrees-et-bilans.

[3]   Ministry of Interior, Chiffres clésLes demandes d’asile, available in French at: https://bit.ly/2TRCMzB.

[4]   For a discussion, see La Cimade, ‘Premier bilan de la demande d’asile en France en 2018’, 16 February 2019, available in French at: https://goo.gl/9oAYkV.

[5]  Ministry of Interior, Chiffres clésLes demandes d’asile, available in French at: https://bit.ly/2TRCMzB.  

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation