According to French law, refugees obtain a long-term resident status from the moment they are granted asylum. It is possible at the moment of the renewal of this permit to be issued ipso jure permanent resident status. This permanent residence permit is only issued if the third-country national can prove his or her proficiency of the French language, and if her or his presence is not a threat to the public order.
The threat to the public order is assessed in practice through the potential criminal sentences pronounced against a third-country national. No systematic discrimination against specific nationalities has been reported in this regard. The difficulty encountered to benefit from this status is more likely to be linked to a lack of information. As mentioned in the law, this status has to be claimed. Ipso jure has to be interpreted as the fact it cannot be denied if a third-country national, complying with the conditions listed by legal provisions, asks for it. Prefectures, at the moment of the renewal of the first residence permit, do not automatically indicate to refugees they can be issued such a document.