Residence permit


Country Report: Residence permit Last updated: 08/04/22


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Residence permits are granted to refugees for 10 years (Carte de resident).[1] That permit is also granted ipso jure to their family, in particular to:

  • Spouses, partners (PACS) or their domestic partners if they have been admitted to join them according to the family reunification provisions;
  • Spouses, partners (PACS) or their domestic partners in case their union has been sealed after the asylum application and under the condition it has been lasting for already over a year, and if they are genuinely living together;
  • Children within the year after turning 18 years old;
  • Parents if the refugees are still under 18 years old by the day the asylum is granted.

Since 1 March 2019, residence permits delivered to subsidiary protection beneficiaries are granted for four years (Carte de séjour pluriannuelle).[2] The same residence permits are granted to their family on the basis of the same pattern than the one used for refugees.[3]

Refugees may encounter difficulties to get their residence permits issued or renewed.[4] Their residence permits have to be issued the next 3 months following their request for such documentation. The same goes for the subsidiary protection beneficiaries.[5] OFPRA may take longer than expected to deliver the necessary documentation that has to be submitted for the issuance of their permits.

According to provisional Ministry of Interior statistics, France granted 25,275 residence permits to refugees and stateless persons and 13,535 to subsidiary protection beneficiaries in 2021 (compared to 19,294 and 9,732 respectively in 2020).[6]



[1]  Article L. L. 424-3 Ceseda.

[2]  Article  L.424-9  Ceseda, inserted by Article 1 Law n. 2018-778 of 10 September 2018.

[3]   Ibid.

[4]  See e.g. La Cimade, ‘De longues files d’attentes virtuelles pour accéder aux préfectures’, 19 December 2017, available in French at:, although these have not been encountered by Forum réfugiés – Cosi in the areas where it operates.

[5]  Article  R. 424-7 Ceseda.

[6]   Ministry of Interior, Chiffres cléstitres de séjour, 20 January 2022, available in French at:

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation