Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure


Country Report: Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure Last updated: 28/04/21


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The Asylum Service gives priority to the examination of asylum applications in two cases: cases that are likely to be unfounded because of the country of origin of the applicant and countries that are going through a political or humanitarian crisis and are likely to be well-founded. In the first case, the Asylum Service aims to examine asylum applications from countries such as Georgia, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam soon after they have been submitted. However, due to the backlog this is not always possible. The procedure followed is the regular procedure, and all formalities that apply to the regular procedure, will apply to these cases, including interpretation, deadlines, appeals, and legal representation. In late 2019, accelerated procedures were piloted for the first time for a specific nationality: Georgians nationals.[1] In 2020 it was expected that the accelerated procedures would have been utilised widely however this was not the case.

Following Syria, Georgia (1,594), India (1,508) and Bangladesh (1,270) were the main nationalities of asylum seekers in 2019. Although there is no known system between the Asylum Service and EASO as to the allocation of profiles of cases interviewed by their respective caseworkers, it appears that asylum seekers from Georgia, India and Bangladesh were handled by the Asylum Service, as these nationalities do not figure in the top ten countries of origin of applicants interviewed by EASO in 2019.[2] In 2020, the main 5 nationalities interviewed by EASO were Cameroon, Egypt, Georgia, Syria and Philippines.

In cases of asylum seekers from countries that are going through a political or humanitarian crisis, the examinations of their asylum applications are usually put on hold initially until the authorities decide the policy that will be followed in these cases. Examples of this occurred in the past with Iraqi and Syrian asylum seekers. In both instances, the examination of the asylum applications was on hold for approximately two years, but once examinations resumed, priority was given to these cases.

Subsidiary protection is granted as a matter of policy to Syrian applicants; in 2017, 17 persons received refugee status whereas 967 received subsidiary protection; in 2018, 45 persons received refugee status and 937 subsidiary protection; in 2019, 38 persons received refugee status and 1,074 subsidiary protection; and in 2020, 21 persons received refugee status and 1,396 subsidiary protection. Since 2015, Palestinians from Syria receive refugee status, however statistically they are registered as Syrian nationals, which indicates that among the persons receiving refugee status and registered as Syrians are actually Palestinians from Syria.[3]



[1]           Ministerial Decision on Safe Countries, available at: http://bit.ly/37YKdbU.

[2]           Information provided by EASO, 13 February 2019.

[3]           Statelessness Index, Country Profile Cyprus, available at: http://bit.ly/2TMRKH2.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation