Article 12B-ter of the Refugee Law defines safe country of origin with reference to the recast Asylum Procedures Directive. This includes countries set out in a common EU list, as well as the possibility to designate additional countries based on a range of sources of information, as per Article 37 of the recast Asylum Procedures Directive.
The “safe country of origin” concept may be used as a ground for channelling the application in the accelerated procedure.
The safe country of origin was utilised for the first time in mid-2019 with the issuance of a Ministerial Decision determining Georgia as such a country and initiated, also for the first time, the use of accelerated procedures to examine asylum applications submitted by Georgians (see section on Accelerated Procedure).  The new list was published in May 2020, increasing the number of safe countries of origin from 1 to 21 countries, with the intention to utilise widely the accelerated procedures. However, in practice it was not used as much as expected.
 While the recast Asylum Procedures Directive currently provides no legal basis for an EU list, this could be done through the adoption of the Commission proposal for a Regulation establishing a common EU list of safe countries of origin.
 Article 12Δ(1) Refugee Law.
 Based on information provided by Cyprus Refugee Council.