Refugees are entitled to naturalisation after 6 years of lawful and uninterrupted residence in Austria.1 For beneficiaries of subsidiary protection, the waiting period is 15 years.
In order to be naturalised, a beneficiary of protection must also demonstrate:
Sufficient income in the last 3 years;
Proof of knowledge (B1) of the German language;
Successful completion of integration course (Werteskurs);
Absence of a criminal record (Unbescholtenheit).
Beneficiaries of subsidiary protection may have faster access to naturalisation in less than 15 years of residence under certain conditions. They may shorten their waiting period if: (a) they have acquired B2-level knowledge of German; or (b) have acquired B1-level knowledge and can prove efforts of personal integration. In any other case, it is easier for beneficiaries of subsidiary protection to obtain naturalisation by obtaining long-term resident status after 5 years (see Long-Term Residence); then, they may be naturalised after 10 years.
556 refugees were granted citizenship in Austria in 2015.2 Data for 2016 is not available.