Forms and levels of material reception conditions

Austria

Country Report: Forms and levels of material reception conditions Last updated: 08/04/21

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Asylkoordination Österreich Visit Website

Basic Care may be provided in three different forms:[1]

  • Asylum seekers can be accommodated in reception centres where catering is provided. Asylum seekers in such reception centres receive €40 pocket money per month, while the care provider (NGOs, private companies contracted by the Government) receives €21 maximum compensation for the costs per day, depending on the standards of the facility. All federal provinces agreed by June 2016 to raise the daily rates for care providers, nevertheless this is not implemented in all federal provinces. Carinthia for example has decided to provide €21 from 2019 on; in the meantime the daily rate is €20. Burgenland has introduced a maximum daily rate of €20.50, while Styria has not raised the daily rate and considers € 19 to be sufficient. The monthly pocket money of €40 will be allowed in Upper Austria only to persons staying in full-service accommodations. In self-catering reception facilities, families with children up to the age of 3 years old receive a pocket allowance of €20 per month per child.
  • Basic Care can be provided in reception centres where asylum seekers cook for themselves. In that case, asylum seekers receive between €150 and 200 per month mainly in cash. Alternatively, as is practice in Tyrol, they receive €215 for subsistence (which equals the amount given for subsistence to those living in private flats). In some federal provinces the amount for children is reduced, e.g. in Tyrol children receive €100.
  • Basic Care can be provided for asylum seekers in private rented accommodation. In this case asylum seekers receive €365 in cash. The benefits are lower in Carinthia, where €290 (€110 for the flat and €180 for subsistence) for a single adult is regarded as sufficient to cover daily expenses. The allowance for a child is set at €80 per month, which is extremely low.

All asylum seekers receive an additional €150 per year for clothes in vouchers and pupils get €200 a year for school material, mainly in form of vouchers.[2]

Asylum seekers living in private rented flats receive 43% of the needs-based minimum allowance (bedarfsorientierte Mindestsicherung) for citizens in need of social welfare support, which is about €863 per month (€648 for subsistence and €215 for accommodation for a single person in Vienna). The level of the needs-based minimum allowance varies across the federal provinces, as political agreement to prolong an Austrian-wide regulation after its expiry by December 2016 was not reached. The sum given to a care provider, €630 per month (€21 per day) for accommodation and subsistence of asylum seekers, is below the level of welfare support for citizens, although staff and administrative costs have to be covered by the care provider.

For children, the daily rate in reception centres is the same as for adults. If families receive financial support for their daily subsistence, some federal provinces provide a lower amount for children (€80-100) instead of about €180. As of January 2021, 1,534 persons received Basic Care in federal reception centres,[3] compared to 1,354 at the end of 2019.

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children must be accommodated according to their need of guidance and care. The daily fee for NGOs hosting unaccompanied asylum-seeking children ranges from €40. €50 to €95, depending on the intensity of psychosocial care. In some federal provinces like Styria the maximum amount is not given to care providers, although it is evident that only a smaller group are not in need of much guidance and care. Styria has set up a daily special support of €18 for children with special needs, in addition to the maximum amount of €77. In Upper Austria, the government provides for €88 which should cover legal assistance as well.

 

[1]  Article 9(1)-(3) GVV-Art 15a and the respective Basic Care Acts of the federal provinces. See also Article 17(1) recast Reception Conditions Directive.

[2]  Article 9(10) and (14) GVV-Art 15a.

[3]  Basic Care Registration System, 31 December 2019, unpublished.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation