Overview of statistical practice
Asylum statistics are published on a monthly basis by the Ministry of Interior, providing information on asylum applicants and main nationalities. As of 2016, these monthly reports also provide decisions at first and second instance. The Federal Agency for Immigration and Asylum (BFA) also publishes short annual statistical overviews (Jahresbilanzen).
Applications and granting of protection status at first and second instance: 2022
|Applicants in 2022||Pending at end of 2022||Refugee status||Subsidiary protection||In merit Rejection on asylum||Refugee rate||Sub. Prot. rate||Rejection rate|
|Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers|
Source: Ministry of Interior.
* Rates are based on in merits decisions.
Rejection only refers to negative decisions concerning asylum. This does not lead to the conclusion that in all rejected cases a return decision was issued or that no other status was issued, as illustrated below.
|Rejection on asylum||All rejections on asylum (incl. Dublin)||Return decisions|
Source: Ministry of Interior; for return decisions, Eurostat, ‘Third country nationals ordered to leave – annual data (rounded)’, updated 25 April 2023.
* Return decisions concern all third country nationals, not only rejected asylum seekers, and may concern rejected asylum seekers of previous years.
Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2022
|Total number of applicants||112,272||100%|
|Men (incl. children)||102,132||91.05%|
|Women (incl. children)||10,140||8.95%|
Source: Ministry of Interior, Asylwesen 2022, Annual statistics, available at: https://bit.ly/3Lmfuep.
Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2022
|Total number of decisions||89,447||100%||–||–|
|– Article 8 ECHR||185||0.2%||–||–|
|– Formal reasons||8,649||9.67%||–||–|
|– On merits||21,612||24.17%||–||–|
|Other (eg discontinued cases)||42,696||47.73%||–||–|
Source: Ministry of Interior, Detailed Statistics of BFA 2022, available at: https://bit.ly/3KFUlvw/.
Data on appeals was not available at time of writing.
* Rejection only refers to negative decisions concerning asylum. This does not lead to the conclusion that in all rejected cases a return decision was issued or that no other status was issued.
* Negative decisions based on ‘formal reasons’ includes decisions in Dublin cases and cases in which there is no examination on merits because of protection granted by another EU Member State or because of adjudicated case (res judicata).
 Ministry of Interior, Asylum Statistics, available in German at: http://bit.ly/2xmiKOT.
 BFA, Statistics, available in German at: http://bit.ly/1XKnnsy. These have been published since 2014.