Access to the labour market

Turkey

Country Report: Access to the labour market Last updated: 31/05/21

Author

Independent

With regard to the right to employment, the law draws a distinction between the different categories of international protection beneficiaries. Refugees and subsidiary protection holders have access to employment or self-employment after being granted status, on the basis of their International Protection Holder Identity Document without satisfying additional requirements.[1]

These categories of beneficiaries also have preferential treatment with regard to the applicability of labour market tests. Any sectoral or geographical restriction on access to employment cannot be imposed on refugees or beneficiaries of subsidiary protection who have resided in Turkey for 3 years or are married to a Turkish citizen or have a Turkish child.[2

Conversely, conditional refugees are subject to the same rules as applicants for international protection. They are required to apply for a work permit, or for a work permit exemption in the sectors of agriculture and livestock works, after 6 months of being granted protection.[3] Therefore they may also be subject to sectoral or geographical limitations on access to the labour market (see Reception Conditions: Access to the Labour Market).

In practice, it seems that only a few conditional refugees are able to access work permits.[4]

 


[1] Article 89(4)(b) LFIP; Article 4 Regulation on Work Permit for Applicants for and Beneficiaries of International Protection.

[2] Article 18 Regulation on Work Permit for Applicants for and Beneficiaries of International Protection.

[3] Article 89(4)(a) LFIP; Articles 6 and 9 Regulation on Work Permit for Applicants for and Beneficiaries of International Protection.

[4] Refugees International, I am only looking for my rights: Legal employment still inaccessible for refugees in Turkey, December 2017, available at: http://bit.ly/2ylz434, 5.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of main changes since the previous report update
  • Introduction to the asylum context in Turkey
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • Temporary Protection Regime
  • Content of Temporary Protection