If family members are already in Germany and have applied for asylum at the same time as the person granted protection, they are usually granted the protection status at the same time, often as part of the same decision, within the concept of “family asylum”. These provisions apply to refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection accordingly.
Family members who immigrate to Germany by means of family reunification are entitled to a residence permit with validity of at least one year. The maximum period of validity must not exceed the period of validity of the residence permit held by the beneficiary of protection. At first, the right of residence is generally dependent on the status of the beneficiary of protection, so residence permits of family members are prolonged as long as this person enjoys protection status. However, after a period of three years, spouses may gain entitlement to a right of residence which is independent of the beneficiary of protection. Accordingly, they can be issued a residence permit of their own in case of a divorce.