Statistics

Germany

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 21/04/22

Author

Paula Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik Visit Website

The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) publishes monthly statistical reports (Aktuelle Zahlen zu Asyl) with information on applications and first instance decisions for main nationalities. More detailed information is provided in the monthly Asylgeschäftsstatistik and in other BAMF publications (Bundesamt in Zahlen).[1] Furthermore, detailed statistics can be found in responses to information requests which are regularly submitted by German members of parliament.

  Applicants in 2021 Pending at end 2021 Refugee status Subsidiary protection Rejection Humanitarian protection (Removal ban) Refugee rate Subs. Prot. rate Hum. Prot. rate Rejection rate
Total 190,816 108,064 32,065 22,996 35,071 4,787 33.8% 24.2% 5.0 % 36.9%
 

Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers

 

 
Syria 70,162 34,368 16,077 20,206 66 238 43.9% 55.2% 0.7% 0.2%
Afghanistan 31,721 27,846 1,575 461 1,516 2,272 27.0% 7.9% 39.0% 26.0%
Iraq 16,872 1,802 2,471 458 4,466 631 30.8% 5.7% 7.9% 55.6%
Turkey 7,873 4,939 2,458 35 3,288 18 42.4% 0.6% 0.3 % 56.7%
Stateless 5,764 3,605 2,189 321 515 62 71.3% 10.% 2.0 % 16.7%
Moldova 5,016 596 0 0 1,803 4 0.0% 0.0% 0.2 % 99.8%
North Macedonia 4,542 1,566 0 0 1,388 4 0.0% 0.0% 0.3 % 99.7%
Pakistan 1,962 700 163 11 733 50 17.0% 1.1% 5.2 % 76.6%
Albania 1,897 544 0 5 887 3 0.0% 0.6% 0.3 % 99.1%
Serbia 1,830 501 3 0 710 6 0.4% 0.0% 0.8 % 98.7%

Source: BAMF, Asylgeschäftsstatistik (01-12/21), available in German at: https://bit.ly/3fvkrSI. Inadmissibility decisions and ‘formal decisions’ are excluded from the statistics above.

In addition to refugee and subsidiary protection, applicants can be issued two types of national protection statuses: on the one hand, constitutional asylum, which gives rise to the same rights as the recognition of refugee status (the figures on refugee status thus include constitutional asylum),[2], and on the other hand, a “removal ban” for compelling humanitarian reasons The figures presented in the table above represent the “adjusted protection rates” (bereinigte Schutzquoten). This means that “formal decisions” are not taken into account. There were 55,035 “formal decisions” in 2021, in which the applications were rejected as “inadmissible” or in which the asylum procedure was terminated for other reasons. In all of these cases, the substance of the case was not examined by the asylum authorities. In contrast, official statistics usually represent the “overall protection rate” (Gesamtschutzquoten), which is determined by including the formal decisions. The overall protection rates for 2021 are:

  • Refugee rate: 21.4 %, Subsidiary protection rate: 15.3 %, “Removal ban”: 3.2%, Rejection: 23.4 %, Formal decisions: 36.7 %.

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2021 (first applications)

  Number Percentage
Total number of applicants 148,233 100 %
Men (incl. children) 48,216 32.5 %
Women (incl. children) 26,736 18.0 %
Children 73,281 49.4 %
Unaccompanied children 2,760 N/A

Source: BAMF, Aktuelle Zahlen, December 2021, available in German at https://bit.ly/3KBBalG, 8. Note that the number of unaccompanied children is valid as of 30 November 2021, as full year statistics were not available.

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates as of 30 November 2021 (“adjusted decision rates”, excluding formal decisions):

  First instance Appeal
  Number Percentage Number Percentage
Total number of decisions 85,540 100% 41,702 100%
Positive decisions 53,975 64.4% 14,569 34.9%
Refugee status (incl. asylum) 30,173

 

35.3 % 5,020 12.0%
Subsidiary protection 20,794 24.3% 1,021 2.4%
humanitarian status 4,081 4.8% 8,528 20.4%
Negative decisions 31,565 36.9% 27,133 65.1%

Source: BAMF, Asylgeschäftsstatistik (11-12/21), available at https://bit.ly/3ubAUSO, and Federal Government, Response to parliamentary question by The Left, 20/432, 14 January 2022, 21.

 

[1]           BAMF, Asylzahlen, available in German at: http://bit.ly/2mb014E.

[2]           Constitutional asylum was granted in 1,226 cases in 2021.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation