Statistics

Germany

Country Report: Statistics Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Informationsverbund Asyl und Migration Visit Website

Overview of statistical practice

The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) publishes monthly statistical reports (Aktuelle Zahlen zu Asyl) with information on applications and first instance decisions for main nationalities. More detailed information is provided in the monthly Asylgeschäftsstatistik and in other BAMF publications (Bundesamt in Zahlen).[1] Furthermore, detailed statistics can be found in responses to information requests which are regularly submitted by German members of parliament.

 

Applicants in 2019

Pending at end 2019

Refugee status

Subsidiary protection

Rejection

Refugee rate

Subs. Prot. rate

Rejection rate

Total

165,938

57,012

45,053

19,419

54,034

36.2%

15.6%

43.4%

Breakdown by countries of origin of the total numbers

Syria

41,094

14,210

22,705

15,173

57

59%

39.5%

0.2%

Iraq

15,348

5,550

4,639

705

5,761

38.8%

5.9%

48.2%

Turkey

11,423

6,497

4,871

39

4,435

51.2%

0.4%

36.9%

Aghanistan

11,306

4,188

1,734

480

2,688

23.8%

6.6%

36.9%

Nigeria

10,533

2,466

446

93

5,480

7%

1.5%

85.5%

Iran

9,498

4,392

1,906

133

5,334

25.7%

1.8%

71.8%

Undetermined

4,228

1,975

2,189

328

876

63.1%

9.5%

25.2%

Somalia

4,154

1,618

1,663

319

997

51.3%

9.8%

30.7%

Eritrea

3,743

1,421

2,125

858

376

56.6%

22.9%

10%

Georgia

3,880

642

4

1

2,827

0.1%

0%

99.2%

Source: BAMF, Aktuelle Zahlen December 2019, available in German at: https://bit.ly/3iO0nv8, 3; BAMF, Asylgeschäftsstatistik 12/2019; Federal Government, Response to information request by The Left, 19/18498, 2 April 2020, 4.

 

In addition, a “humanitarian status” (impediment to deportation) was granted in 5,857 cases (4.7%). The figures presented in the table above represent the “adjusted protection rates” (bereinigte Schutzquoten). This means that “formal decisions” are not taken into account. There were 59,591 “formal decisions” in 2019, in which the applications were rejected as “inadmissible” or in which the asylum procedure was terminated for other reasons. In all of these cases, the substance of the case was not examined by the asylum authorities. In contrast, official statistics usually represent the “overall protection rate” (Gesamtschutzquoten), which is determined by including the formal decisions. The overall protection rates for 2019 are:

  • Refugee rate: 24.5%, Subsidiary protection rate: 10.6%, “Humanitarian status”: 3.2%, Rejection: 29.4%, Formal decisions: 32.4%.

 

Gender/age breakdown of the total number of applicants: 2019 (first applications)

 

 

Number

Percentage

Total number of applicants

142,509

100%

Men

42,696

30%

Women

28,392

19.9%

Children

71,421

50.1%

Unaccompanied children

2,632

1.8%

Source: BAMF, Aktuelle Zahlen, December 2019, available in German at: https://bit.ly/3iO0nv8, 8; Federal Government, Response to information request by The Left, 19/18498, 2 April 2020, 36.  Note that the figures on unaccompanied children is part of the number on children.

 

 

Comparison between first instance and appeal decision rates: 2019 (“adjusted decision rates”, excluding formal decisions):

 

 

First instance

Appeal

 

Number

Percentage

Number

Percentage

Total number of decisions

124,363

100%

84,324

100%

Positive decisions

70,329

56.6%

22,302

26.4%

Refugee status

45,053

36.2%

8,956

10.6%

Subsidiary protection

19,419

15.6%

2,484

2.9%

humanitarian status

5,857

4.7%

10,862

12.9%

Negative decisions

54,034

43.4%

62,022

73.6%

Source: BAMF, Aktuelle Zahlen Dezember 2019, available at: https://bit.ly/3iO0nv8, 3, and Federal Government, Response to information request by The Left, 19/18498, 2 April 2020, 45.

 



[1] BAMF, Asylzahlen, available in German at: http://bit.ly/2mb014E.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation