Free access to health care for beneficiaries of international protection is provided under the same conditions as for nationals, pursuant to L 4368/2016. The new International Protection Act has not changed the relevant provisions. Despite the favourable legal framework, actual access to health care services is hindered in practice by significant shortages of resources and capacity for both foreigners and the local population, as a result of the austerity policies followed in Greece, as well as the lack of adequate cultural mediators. “The public health sector, which has been severely affected by successive austerity measures, is under extreme pressure and lacks the capacity to cover all the needs for health care services, be it of the local population or of migrants”. Moreover, administrative obstacles with regard to the issuance of a Social Security Number (AMKA) also impede access to health care. In addition, according to GCR’s experience, beneficiaries of international protection under the “old” system who possess the “old” residence permit in the form of a “booklet”, have encountered problems in the issuance of AMKA, as this old residence permit contains a number written in a different format than the new residence permits. Hence, the employees at the Citizen Service Center (KEΠ) did not know how to process the issuance of AMKA. Finally, it has been clarified that this will happen at the offices of the Single Social Security Entity (ΕΦΚΑ).