Access to education


Country Report: Access to education Last updated: 16/04/21



The situation does not differ from the situation of asylum seekers (see above Access to education). The situation of beneficiaries can be actually worse because the schools near the reception centres are more familiar with the challenges related to foreign pupils than other schools in the country. According to the data from the System of Educational Information as of 30 September 2016 there were 1,958 children in Polish schools, from families still subject to international protection proceedings or already granted protection.[1]

The main finding of the report from 2020 dealing with education of beneficiaries is that even though there are instruments stipulated by the law and designed for foreign children, such as additional Polish language classes, compensatory classes, preparatory classes and teachers’ assistants, due to insufficient funding their implementation is often inadequate. It turned out that the biggest shortcoming of the inclusion of refugee children in the education system is lack of trainings and methodological support for teachers who work with them.[2]

With regard to education of adults, the most important issues appeared to be learning of Polish language and recognition of education obtained in the countries of origin. It turned out that the attendance of beneficiaries of international protection in the courses is very low (approx. 35 percent) which results from either lack of the courses in some localities, inability to reconcile work with participation in a course due to the latter’s hours, or low attractiveness of the courses (i.e. their failure to meet the needs of refugees). The procedures of recognition of qualifications from the country of origin, are expensive and complicated. However, in order to enable continuation of education for refugees, many universities in Poland offered facilitation in the mentioned procedures together with providing scholarships that would ease refugees’ admission for studies.[3]


[1]  Maryla Koss-Goryszewska ‘Edukacja’ in A. Górska, M. Koss-Goryszewska, J. Kucharczyk (eds), W stronę krajowego machanizmu ewaluacji integracji: Diagnoza sytuacji beneficjentów ochrony międzynarodowej w Polsce (Instutut Spraw Publicznych 2019), 49.

[2]  K. Sobczak-Szelc, M. Pachocka, K. Pędziwiatr, J. Szałańska, ‘Integration Policies, Practices and Responses. Poland – Country Report’, Multilevel Governance of Mass Migration in Europe and Beyond Project (#770564, Horizon2020), available at:, p. 135.

[3]  Ibidem.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation