Border procedure (border and transit zones)


Country Report: Border procedure (border and transit zones) Last updated: 13/06/24



There is no border procedure in Poland. In January 2017, the Minister of the Interior and Administration presented a draft amendment to the Law on Protection, which introduces a border procedure for granting international protection. The Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as the relevant NGOs in Poland, have criticised the draft law for failing to provide sufficient safeguards including limited access to effective remedies and for introducing detention for the duration of the border procedure.[1] The proposal was last updated in February 2019 and no further information is available since.[2]

In 2021 the situation at the Polish – Belarusian border led to the introduction of legal measures that limited access to protection at the border (see Access to the territory and pushbacks). They were still in use in 2022.




[1] See critical opinion of the Law by the Ombudsman, available (PL) at:

[2] Draft law available at:

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation