Admissibility procedure

Poland

Country Report: Admissibility procedure Last updated: 16/04/21

Author

Independent

General (scope, criteria, time limits)

An admissibility procedure is provided for in national legislation.[1] The Head of the Office for Foreigners is the authority responsible for taking a decision on admissibility. If an asylum application is deemed inadmissible, the Head of the Office for Foreigners issues a decision on the inadmissibility of the application.[2]

An asylum application is considered inadmissible under the following exhaustive grounds:

  1. Another Member State has granted refugee status to the applicant;
  2. A third country can be considered a First Country of Asylum with regard to the applicant;
  3. The applicant submitted a subsequent application after receiving a final decision, based on the same circumstances;
  4. A spouse of an applicant lodged a new asylum application after the applicant received a final decision and when the spouse’s case was a part of an application made on their behalf and there are no facts justifying a separate application of the spouse.[3]

The application is considered inadmissible if there is a first country of asylum where the applicant is treated as a refugee and can enjoy protection there or is protected against refoulement in any other way.[4]

The Office for Foreigners delivered the following inadmissibility decisions in 2020:

Inadmissibility decisions: 2020
Ground for inadmissibility Number of decisions
Subsequent application 1,166
Application by dependent (spouse) 57
Refugee status in another Member State 13
First country of asylum 0
Total 1,236 (concerning 1,883 persons)

Source: Office for Foreigners

There are no specific time limits that must be observed by the Head of the Office for Foreigners in this procedure, so the rules governing regular procedures are applicable; the general deadline is 6 months. There is no data on whether the time limits for taking a decision are respected in practice. In 2020, 2,094 decisions were issued within 6-month time limit – but this includes all the proceedings, not only admissibility.[5]

Personal interview

The rules concerning personal interviews are the same as in the Regular Procedure: Personal Interview. There is no data on how many interviews were conducted in admissibility procedures in 2020. For the admissibility procedures a lot depends on whether the case requires a detailed interview, as in the regular procedure, or whether it focuses only on specific issues (e.g. new circumstances). The scope of the interview is not limited to identity, nationality, and travel route.[6]

Appeal

Generally, the appeal system in the admissibility procedure does not differ from the one in the Regular Procedure: Appeal, including its suspensive effect. The deadline for the appeal is 14 days.

Legal assistance

Free legal assistance is offered in under the same conditions as described in the section on Regular Procedure: Legal Assistance. State legal aid covers preparing an appeal and representation in the second instance.[7]

 

 

[1]             Article 38 Law on Protection.             

[2]           Article 38(4) Law on Protection.

[3]           Article 38 Law on Protection.

[4]           Article 38 Law on Protection.

[5]           Information provided by the Office for Foreigners, 26 January 2021.

[6]           Information provided by the Office for Foreigners, 1 February 2017.

[7]           Article 69e Law on Protection.                              

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation