Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure


Country Report: Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure Last updated: 30/11/20



In Poland there is no official policy implemented with regard to the top 5 countries of origin (Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Tajikistan, Georgia), because every application is examined individually. However, it is visible from the statistics that applicants from Armenia and Georgia generally do not receive protection status.

Ukrainians constituted around 11% of all applicants in 2018 and in 2019. The rejection rate exceeds 95%. At the same time increasing number of persons apply for (and are granted) a permit for temporary stay (which is usually work related), notably around 162,000 applications in 2019, compared to 140,268 applications in 2018 (see Status and residence). As NGOs report, Ukrainians are granted protection if individual circumstances do not allow them to relocate internally, e.g. in a case of a single mother, whose child is under specialistic treatment, large families or elderly persons.[1]

As of 31 December 2019, just like in the past year, no returns are carried out to the following countries: Syria, Eritrea, and Yemen.[2]


[1] M. Sadowska, Obywatele Ukrainy [in] Stowarzyszenie Interwencji Prawnej (SIP), SIP w działaniu. Prawa cudzoziemców w Polsce w 2018 r. (2019), available (in Polish) at: http://bit.ly/2S507LV, 15.

[2] Information provided by the Border Guard, 17 January 2020.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation