Access to the labour market

Poland

Country Report: Access to the labour market Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Independent

Refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection have access to labour market on the same conditions as Polish citizens. There is no difference between refugees and subsidiary protection beneficiaries. Access to employment is not limited to certain sectors.

In pratice they have access to employment although they face obstacles, e.g. language skills, qualifications, low awareness of employers about their full access to the labor market. Additionally, labour market institutions are not prepared to help beneficiaries of international protection to enter the labour market in Poland, despite a clear obligation to do so in the law. NGOs report that foreign employees face discrimination, often on multiple basis.[1]

Low language skills  and low professional qualifications results in unemployment or employment with low salary; instability of employment; small chances for a promotion.[2] It is easier to find a job in bigger cities, e.g in Warsaw where vocational trainings are provided in foreign languages. Support of the state is only provided during the 12-month Individual Integration Programme (IPI). Although beneficiaries of international protection have access to professional qualifications programs, they are held in Polish which exclude their participation in practice. There are no programs specially dedicated to foreigners improving professional qualification with learning Polish. Additionally, the specific needs of foreigners are not taken in to account.[3]

Professional qualifications are recognised, although that procedure is very difficult and time-consuming. Very often recognised refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection do not have any documents confirming their education and skills. Sometimes foreigners have to pass an additional Polish language exam.

 


[1] P. Mickiewicz, Dyskryminacja cudzoziemców na rynku pracy [in] Stowarzyszenie Interwencji Prawnej (SIP), SIP w działaniu. Prawa cudzoziemców w Polsce w 2018 r. (2019), available (in Polish) at: http://bit.ly/2S507LV, 53.

[2] Mikołaj Pawlak ‘Zatrudnienie’ in A Górska, M Koss-Goryszewska, J Kucharczyk (eds), W stronę krajowego machanizmu ewaluacji integracji: Diagnoza sytuacji beneficjentów ochrony międzynarodowej w Polsce (Instutut Spraw Publicznych 2019), 32.

[3] Mikołaj Pawlak, ‘Kwalifikacje zawodowe’ in A. Górska, M. Koss-Goryszewska, J. Kucharczyk (eds), W stronę krajowego machanizmu ewaluacji integracji: Diagnoza sytuacji beneficjentów ochrony międzynarodowej w Polsce (Instutut Spraw Publicznych 2019), 37.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation