Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure


Country Report: Differential treatment of specific nationalities in the procedure Last updated: 31/05/22


Felicia Nica with support from JRS Romania Visit Website

Romania mainly awards refugee status and subsidiary protection to applicants from countries such as Syria and Iraq, who made up for the majority of positive decisions in 2017. However, the trend with regard to Iraqi nationals changed during 2017 and IGI-DAI also started rejecting applicants from this country. The recognition rate for Iraqi nationals was 66.4% in 2017, dropped to 35% in 2018 and in 2019 dropped further to 10,9%. InTimișoara it was reported that all Syrian nationals are granted a form of protection. The legal counsellor from Şomcuta Mare echoed the same. In all of the regional centres, except Bucharest, Afghan nationals were processed under the accelerated procedure until August 2021.

In 2021, 136 of the Afghan nationals evacuated by Romania from Afghanistan were accommodated in Galati. The JRS noticed that this group benefited from extra attention. All of them were granted refugee status within one month of their arrival.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation