Forms and levels of material reception conditions

Romania

Country Report: Forms and levels of material reception conditions Last updated: 30/11/20

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Reception conditions consist of: accommodation in one of the reception centres; financial allowance for food and clothing; and pocket money.

 

Allowance for food / clothing and pocket money

 

Asylum seekers are entitled to receive, upon request, the following allowances:[1]

  • Food daily allowance of 10 RON / €2.16 per person;
  • Clothing one-off allowance of 67 RON / €14.48 per person during summer and 100 RON / €21.60 per person during winter;
  • Pocket money of 6 RON / €1.30 per day per person for other expenses such as local transport expenses, cultural services, press, repair and maintenance services and personal hygiene products expenses.

 

Monthly amounts of financial allowances for different categories of applicants are as follows:

 

Monthly amount of financial allowances for asylum seekers

Category

Amount of allowances

Single adults

480 RON / €104

Pregnant women in months 1-4

Ill persons upon admission to infirmary

570 RON / €123

Pregnant women in months 5-9

Women giving birth who do not breastfeed

600 RON / €130

Women giving birth who breastfeed

Children aged 0-5 months

630 RON / €136

Children aged 6-12 months

690 RON / €150

 

Before the 2015 reform, asylum seekers were granted a financial allowance of 3.6 RON per day, amounting to a monthly total of 108 RON/€23. In general, the financial allowance is sufficient to ensure a decent living. In cases of families, all the members are entitled to receive the financial allowance. The only persons who have complained about the amount of the financial allowance are single men.

 

In comparison, Romanian nationals with low income benefit from social assistance,[2] heating assistance[3] and a family allowance.[4] Romanian nationals – families and single persons – are entitled to a minimum guaranteed income as a form of social assistance.[5] The monthly minimum guaranteed income is determined based on the social reference indicator (indicator social de referinta, ISR) set by law at 500 RON / €108.The minimum guaranteed income level is as follows:

 

Monthly amount of minimum guaranteed income

Category

Percentage ISR

Amount

Single adults

28.3%

142 RON / €30

Family of two

51%

255 RON / €55

Family of three

71.4%

357 RON / €77

Family of four

88.4%

442 RON/ €96

Family of five

105.4%

527 RON / €114

Family of six or more, for each family member

7.3%

36.5 RON / €7

 

In addition, the State affords an allowance for all children, including nationals and non-nationals, up to the age of 18.[6] This type of financial allowance is complementary to other forms of material support afforded by the State. The level of the state child allowance is determined by the ISR and amounts to:[7]

§  200 RON / €43 for children up to the age of 2, or 3 in case of a disabled child;

§  84 RON / €18 for children between the age 2 and 18;

§  200 RON / €43 for disabled children between the age of 3 and 18.

 

Even though a comparison between financial assistance granted to nationals and asylum seekers is difficult to make due to the diversity of available allowances and the applicable calculation modes, asylum seekers are not treated less favourably than nationals as far as material support is concerned. They also benefit from other financial allowances than the ones provided by the Asylum Act, such as the allowance for children and they are also entitled to receive social assistance under the conditions provided by Act 292/2011 on Social Assistance, as amended.[8]

 

Accommodation allowance where reception capacity is exceeded

 

A new form of reception conditions was included by the 2015 reform. When the capacity in the reception centres for asylum seekers is exceeded, IGI-DAI may grant asylum seekers an accommodation allowance for the purpose of renting a house or contracting specialised services for the reception and accommodation of asylum seekers in individual or collective locations, within the limits of the available funds.[9] This form of reception conditions has never been applied to date.

 

In these situations, IGI-DAI may provide, upon request, material assistance amounting to the following monthly sums per person: rental assistance of 450 RON; and maintenance assistance of 120 RON during the summer season and 155 RON during the winter season. In the case of a two-member household, the monthly amount paid to a person for rental decreases by 30%. In the case of households consisting of three or more members, the amount granted monthly to a person for rental decreases by 40%.[10]

 

This material assistance shall be granted in the first month after the filing of the application, without the need for the submission of supporting documents for the rental. However, for the second month the submission of these documents is mandatory. If the requested documents are not submitted by the second month, the grant is suspended.

 

Reimbursement of expenses related to travel

 

Asylum seekers also have the right to reimbursement, upon request, of transport costs associated with their court proceedings, if the judicial process takes place in a different area than the one where they are residing, and if transport is carried out by road, rail or ferry.[11]

 

The reimbursement of transport expenses is made on the basis of a request filed by the asylum seeker, together with travel tickets, filed within 5 working days from the date of the court hearing at the Regional Centre where the asylum seeker is accommodated. The reimbursement is made after checks have been carried out in order to certify the presence of the asylum seeker in court.[12]

 

The Asylum Decree refers particularly to asylum seekers accommodated in Şomcuta Mare and Rădăuţi, since the competent courts for onward appeals (see Regular Procedure: Appeal) are located in a different city than the one were the Regional Centres are located; respectively Baia-Mare and Suceava. The policy of reimbursement is applied in practice. No requests for reimbursement of transport costs were made in Şomcuta Mare in 2019, however, as there is only one transport operator per day, asylum seekers prefer carpooling.

 

In Rădăuţi one request was lodged, but the asylum seeker did not receive any answer. According to another stakeholder interviewed there were several requests that were reimbursed.

 

IGI-DAI may also involve asylum seekers in activities related to the maintenance or redevelopment of the interior and exterior spaces of Regional Centres, or support to the centre staff in information and counselling activities.[13] Asylum seekers who perform this kind of activity benefit from an additional allowance for food of 5 RON / €1.08 per day.[14]

 

Timișoara: There were asylum seekers who received the additional allowance because they helped cleaning the centre. In Somcuta, Rădăuţi, Giurgiu and Galaţi no cases were reported.

 

Material and financial assistance from NGOs

 

In addition to the material reception conditions afforded by IGI-DAI, asylum seekers also benefit from material assistance provided by AIDRom through the project “Assistance and services for asylum seekers in Romania” funded by the AMIF national programme.[15] AIDRom provides material assistance to asylum seekers accommodated in all Regional Centres, in the 2 Accommodation and Counselling Centres run by AIDRom in Bucharest and Timișoara, and also for asylum seekers detained in public custody.

 

The number of social vouchers granted by AIDRom to asylum seekers continued to decrease in 2019 compared to 2018 and 2017. Within the project Assistance and integrated services for asylum seekers in Romania –ASIST.RO, the assistance offered by AIDRom consists of:

 

  1. Financial assistance for translation of civil status documents and/or diplomas, as well as legalisation / authentication / apostilles of approximately 50 (instead of 60 in 2018) pages of documents
  2. 600 packages of food for asylum seekers transferred between Regional Centres or transferred from the place where the asylum application was made to the Regional Centre;
  3. 100 social vouchers for vulnerable asylum seekers;
  4. 300 food packages / social vouchers for asylum seekers accommodated in Regional Centres and AIDRom Centres, or detained in specially designed closed spaces or in detention centres. In 2019 this was no longer provided.
  5. 300 installation packages for persons accommodated in AIDRom Centres and in Regional Centres at the time of filing the asylum application.

 

Under the same project, AIDRom also provides school supplies for children attending school and cleaning products, encouraging asylum seekers to clean their rooms and common spaces, with different incentives.

 



[1]Article 55(1) Asylum Decree.

[2]Act 416/2001 on Minimum Guaranteed Income, available at: http://bit.ly/2AWyH00.

[3]Emergency Government Ordinance 70/2011 on social protection measures during the cold season, available at: http://bit.ly/2mtUk2t.

[4]Act 277/2010 on Family Allowance, available at: http://bit.ly/2FvzrN3.

[5]Article 1(1)-(2) Act 416/2001 on Minimum Guaranteed Income.

[6]Article 1 Act 61/1993 on the State Child Allowance.

[7]Article 3 Act 61/1993 on the State Child Allowance.

[8]Article 17(1)(n^1) Asylum Act.

[9]Article 17(8) Asylum Act.

[10]Article 55(4) Asylum Decree.

[11]Article 17(1)(q) Asylum Act.

[12]Article 56(2^1) Asylum Decree.

[13]Article 55(9) Asylum Decree.

[14]Article 55(10) Asylum Decree.

[15]The project, currently in its second phase, is implemented by AIDRom in partnership with CNRR, from 7 July 2017 to 6 July 2018. For more details, see: http://www.aidrom.ro/proiecte/asistenta-solicitanti-de-azil/.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation