Housing

Romania

Country Report: Housing Last updated: 30/04/21

Author

Felicia Nica with support from JRS Romania Visit Website
  1. Stay in reception centres

Beneficiaries of international protection who participate in integration programmes and have no financial means are allowed to stay in the Regional Centres, subject to availability of places.[1] They may stay in the centres for 6 months with the possibility of extension for another 6 months in case of well-founded reasons, with the approval of IGI-DAI, without exceeding the implementation period of the integration programme.[2]

A total of 114 beneficiaries of international protection were residing in the Regional Centres at the end of 2019:

Centre Total
Timișoara 1
Şomcuta Mare 25
Rădăuţi 28
Galaţi 27
Bucharest 27
Giurgiu 6
Total 114

Source: IGI-DAI, 20 February 2020.

As for 2020, IGI-DAI reported that there are no statistics on the number of beneficiaries accommodated in the Regional centres.

In Giurgiu, the director mentioned that during 2020, 40 beneficiaries of international protection were accommodated in the centre and at the end of the year there were 22 persons. In Timișoara, the director of the regional centre reported that in 2020 there were 8-9 beneficiaries in the centre, but they were transferred in other regional centres.

Beneficiaries accommodated in Regional Centres have to pay rent and maintenance costs after 3 months.[3] The daily rental fee is different in every regional centre. Vulnerable beneficiaries may be accommodated free of charge in the Regional Centres.[4]

Beneficiaries of international protection who participate in integration programmes and have no financial means have the right to stay in Regional Centres or in other facilities managed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs for a general period of 12 months instead of 6 months, which may be extended for 6 months.[5]

In practice, beneficiaries of international protection in Timișoara, Şomcuta Mare, Rădăuţi, Galaţi and Giurgiu are allowed to stay for free, according to the amended Integration Ordinance, for up to 3 months, in comparison to 2 months as prescribed by the previous version of the Ordinance. Beneficiaries of international protection have to pay a rental fee after that period.

After this period the rental fees may be covered by NGOs through the implemented projects. JRS and AIDRom mentioned that this is paid until the beneficiary receives the non-refundable financial aid.

According to AIDRom, only vulnerable persons (single parent families, persons with health problems, unaccompanied minors, victims of torture, elderly, etc.) may be housed in regional centres for free.

According to IGI-DAI, 223 vulnerable beneficiaries of international protection were registered in the integration program in 2020 (53 in Bucharest, 43 in Galaţi, 7 in Giurgiu, 62 in Maramures, 61 in Rădăuţi, 7 in Timișoara). The average duration of their accommodation in the regional centres is 12 months.[6]

In Şomcuta Mare, after the 90 days that beneficiaries of international protection are allowed to stay for free, ASSOC covers the rental for at least 2 months.[7]

In Rădăuţi, ICAR Foundation pays the rental fee for another two months. As a result, the beneficiary has to pay for rent only after 5 months after obtaining international protection.

In addition to this, JRS implements the project “A New House” in all the Regional Centres, funded through the AMIF national programme, which covers partially or entirely the rental fees and/or the utility costs for beneficiaries of international protection. In 2019, 241 beneficiaries of international protection received rental/utilities subsidies. The rental/utilities subsidies may be covered for a maximum of 12 months within this project. However, in 2019, the longest period for which these subsidies were granted was 10 months. These services are available to: (a) relocated or resettled beneficiaries; (b) beneficiaries enrolled in the integration programme; and (c) beneficiaries in a vulnerable situation. For each case, a request is made to IGI-DAI in order to receive their approval for assisting the case.

  1. Social housing

According to the law, beneficiaries of international protection have the right to access the social housing scheme under the same conditions as Romanian citizens.[8]

After the integration programme is completed or when a job opportunity has been identified, IGI-DAI guides the assisted person to the community where there are vacancies and informs him or her on how to get a social home under the conditions set in the law.[9]

The local public administration authorities have the obligation to ensure, within the limits of available resources, social housing for persons who have acquired a form of protection in Romania and who are to move to the respective community under the same conditions as the Romanian citizens, even if they have not established their domicile or residence in that area.[10]

If the local public administration authorities cannot provide a social home, the beneficiary may rent housing within the respective local community.[11] IGI-DAI subsidises up to 50% of the rent, subject to availability of funding, for a maximum period of one year.[12] According to IGI-DAI, 11 persons benefitted from this subsidy in 2018.[13] In 2020, no beneficiary benefitted from this aid.[14]

Timișoara: Requests for social housing have been submitted, but until now no one has benefited from this. The local public administration authority has no social houses available; the list of requests for social housing is endless. In order to benefit from financial aid from IGI-DAI for the rent, beneficiaries have to prove that they have requested social housing and they have to have a rental contract registered at the tax authorities. According to the director of the Regional Centre Timișoara, in 2020,IGI-DAI granted subsidies (50%of the rent) to a single man and a family. According to JRS there were no such cases.

Rădăuţi, Giurgiu and Şomcuta Mare: This provision has never been applied in practice. In Şomcuta Mare, Galaţi, Giurgiu and Rădăuţithey request assistance under the aforementioned project “A New House” run by JRS.

Galaţi: As far as JRS is aware, no beneficiary of international protection was granted this subsidy by IGI-DAI.

 

 

 

[1]        Article 21(1) Integration Ordinance.

[2]        Article 21(2) Integration Ordinance.

[3]        Article 21(5) Integration Ordinance.The rental fee is established at local level for the living facilities which are in the state’s or territorial / administrative unit’s property.

[4]        Article 34(2) and (3) Integration Ordinance. IGI-DAI may provide accommodation in its centers to vulnerable persons that do not require specialised assistance and who cannot benefit from a home from the institutions ability within the space and funds available. For well-founded reasons, the IGI-DAI may extend the integration program for these persons.

[5]        Article 21(2) Integration Ordinance.

[6]        Information provided by IGI-DAI, 16 February 2021.

[7]        Information provided by ASSOC, 5 March 2020.

[8]        Article 20(1)(q) Asylum Act.

[9]        Article 28 Integration Ordinance.

[10]       Article 29(1) Integration Ordinance.

[11]       Article 29(2) Integration Ordinance.

[12]       Article 29(3) Integration Ordinance.

[13]       Information provided by IGI-DAI, 5 March 2019.

[14]       Information provided by IGI-DAI, 16 February 2021.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation