Housing

Romania

Country Report: Housing Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

JRS Romania Visit Website

 

Stay in reception centres

 

Beneficiaries of international protection who participate in integration programmes and have no financial means are allowed to stay in the Regional Centres, subject to availability of places.[1] They may stay in the centres for 6 months with the possibility of extension for another 6 months in case of well-founded reasons, with the approval of IGI-DAI, without exceeding the implementation period of the integration programme.[2]

 

A total of 114 beneficiaries of international protection were residing in the Regional Centres at the end of 2019:

 

Centre

Total

Timișoara

1

Şomcuta Mare

25

Rădăuţi

28

Galaţi

27

Bucharest

27

Giurgiu

6

Total

114

 

Source: IGI-DAI, 20 February 2020.

 

Beneficiaries accommodated in Regional Centres have to pay rent and maintenance costs.[3] The daily rental fee is 6.6 RON / €1.4 during winter and 5.67 RON / €1.2 during summer. Vulnerable beneficiaries may be accommodated free of charge in the Regional Centres.[4]

 

Beneficiaries of international protection who participate in integration programmes and have no financial means have the right to stay in Regional Centres or in other facilities managed by the Ministry of Internal Affairs for a general period of 12 months instead of 6 months, which may be extended for 6 months.[5]

 

In practice, beneficiaries of international protection in Timișoara, Şomcuta Mare, Rădăuţi, Galaţi and Giurgiu are allowed to stay for free, according to the amended Integration Ordinance, for up to 3 months, in comparison to 2 months as prescribed by the previous version of the Ordinance. Beneficiaries of international protection have to pay a rental fee after that period.

 

According to IOM Romania, in Bucharest, only vulnerable beneficiaries are allowed to stay in the centre for free.

 

At the moment of the author’s visit, in Timișoara there was a single parent family accommodated in the centre (mother and child).

 

According to IGI-DAI, 112 vulnerable beneficiaries of international protection were accommodated in the regional centres in 2019.[6]

 

In Somcuta Mare, after the 60 days that beneficiaries of international protection are allowed to stay for free, ASSOC covers the rental fee until the beneficiary receives the non-refundable financial aid.[7]

 

In Rădăuţi, ICAR Foundation pays the rental fee for another two months. As a result, the beneficiary has to pay for rent only after four months after obtaining international protection.

 

In addition to this, JRS implements the project “A New House” in all the Regional Centres, funded through the AMIF national programme, which covers partially or entirely the rental fees and/or the utility costs for beneficiaries of international protection. In 2019, 241 beneficiaries of international protection received rental/utilities subsidies. The rental/utilities subsidies may be covered for a maximum of 12 months within this project. However, in 2019, the longest period for which these subsidies were granted was 10 months. These services are available to: (a) relocated or resettled beneficiaries; (b) beneficiaries enrolled in the integration programme; and (c) beneficiaries in a vulnerable situation. For each case, a request is made to IGI-DAI in order to receive their approval for assisting the case.

 

Social housing

 

According to the law, beneficiaries of international protection have the right to access the social housing scheme under the same conditions as Romanian citizens.[8]

 

After the integration programme is completed or when a job opportunity has been identified, IGI-DAI guides the assisted person to the community where there are vacancies and informs him or her on how to get a social home under the conditions set in the law.[9]

 

The local public administration authorities have the obligation to ensure, within the limits of available resources, social housing for persons who have acquired a form of protection in Romania and who are to move to the respective community under the same conditions as the Romanian citizens, even if they have not established their domicile or residence in that area.[10]

 

If the local public administration authorities cannot provide a social home, the beneficiary may rent housing within the respective local community.[11] IGI-DAI subsidises up to 50% of the rent, subject to availability of funding, for a maximum period of one year.[12] According to IGI-DAI, 11 persons benefitted from this subsidy in 2018.[13]

 

Timișoara: Requests for social housing have been submitted, but until now no one has benefited from this. The local public administration authority has no social houses available; the list of requests for social housing is endless. In order to benefit from financial aid from IGI-DAI for the rent, beneficiaries have to prove that they have requested social housing and they have to have a rental contract registered at the tax authorities. According to the director of the Regional Centre Timișoara, in 2019, IGI-DAI granted subsidies (50% of the rent) to a single man.

 

Bucharest: Requests for social housing have also been filled, but none has been accepted according to IOM. IOM was not aware of rent subsidies being provided. Within the Interact Plus project implemented by IOM, rental fees were covered for 15 persons accommodated in the Regional Centre Bucharest and Giurgiu, but also outside the centres.

 

Rădăuţi, Giurgiu and Şomcuta Mare: This provision has never been applied in practice.

In Şomcuta Mare, Galaţi, Giurgiu and Rădăuţi they request assistance under the aforementioned project “A New House” run by JRS.

 

Galaţi: As far as JRS is aware, no beneficiary of international protection was granted this subsidy by IGI-DAI.

 

ASSOC is aware of a single beneficiary of international protection who lives in Baia Mare in a social housing. The request was made 3 years ago and the beneficiary was granted social housing in 2018.[14] In 2019 no such requests were made.[15]

 

Other issues reported by AIDRom are the high rental fees in Timișoara (around €250 for a studio) and landlords’ reluctance to accept foreigners as they do not speak Romanian and they need a rental contract registered at the tax authority in order to receive the residence permit and all the other documents; many landlords do not declare their contracts because they do not want to pay taxes.

 

Rădăuţi: It was reported that landlords are reluctant to rent out their apartments for short periods.



[1]Article 21(1) Integration Ordinance.

[2]Article 21(2) Integration Ordinance.

[3]Article 21(5) Integration Ordinance.The rental fee is established at local level for the living facilities which are in the state’s or territorial / administrative unit’s property.

[4]Article 34(2) and (3) Integration Ordinance. IGI-DAI may provide accommodation in its centers to vulnerable persons that do not require specialised assistance and who cannot benefit from a home from the institutions ability within the space and funds available.For well-founded reasons, the IGI-DAI may extend the integration program for these persons.

[5]Article 21(2) Integration Ordinance.

[6]Information provided by IGI-DAI, 20 February 2020.

[7]Information provided by ASSOC, 5 March 2020.

[8]Article 20(1)(q) Asylum Act.

[9]Article 28 Integration Ordinance.

[10]Article 29(1) Integration Ordinance.

[11]Article 29(2) Integration Ordinance.

[12]Article 29(3) Integration Ordinance.

[13]Information provided by IGI-DAI, 5 March 2019.

[14]Information provided by ASSOC, 30 January 2019.

[15]Information provided by ASSOC, 5 March 2020.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation