Residence permit

Romania

Country Report: Residence permit Last updated: 30/04/21

Author

Felicia Nica with support from JRS Romania Visit Website

The duration of residence permits granted for refugee status is 3 years and for subsidiary protection 2 years.[1]

The conditions for issuing a residence permit – in the form of a card – are prescribed by the Asylum Decree.[2] In order to obtain a residence permit, issued free of charge, the beneficiary of international protection has the obligation to submit to IGI-DAI a document which proves his or her legal residence. This can be a: title of ownership; lease agreement registered with the fiscal administration; commodity contract concluded in authentic form; or any other documents concluded under the conditions of validity provided by Romanian legislation in force regarding the housing title, which prove the acquisition of some housing rights.[3]

Responsibility for issuing the residence permits lies with IGI-DAI. In practice there are no difficulties in the issuance of the residence permit. However, the AIDRom representative in Timișoara stated that beneficiaries encounter difficulties in obtaining a rental contract fulfilling the conditions required by the authorities. Currently, the landlords do not want to declare to the authorities that they rented out their apartments.

The beneficiary of international protection has to fill in a standard form,[4] which is usually filled in together with the officer in charge. The time of issuance of the residence permit card is issued differs from one Regional Centre to another: 2-3 weeks in Bucharest, 3 weeks in Timișoara, according to the director of the regional centre of Timișoara, 3 weeks in Rădăuţi, 3 weeks in Galaţi, 4 weeks in Şomcuta Mare, 2-3 weeks in Giurgiu. Also a case of an unaccompanied minor from Şomcuta Mare was reported, who was granted subsidiary protection in September 2020 and until January 2021 he did not acquire a residence permit.

According to AIDRom the residence permit is issued within maximum 2 weeks from the submission of the file, but there were also situations in which this deadline was exceeded, caused by a large volume of applications.[5] Some difficulties were reported by AIDRom as regards the proof of legal residence, some of the beneficiaries are not concluding lease agreements and accommodation in regional centres is currently more difficult due to the overcrowding of these centres.[6]

As regards the renewal of residence permit, beneficiaries of international protection do not encounter any problems. Before the expiry of the residence permit, they fill in a request of renewal and a new card is issued in the same time frame as mentioned above.

However, AIDRom reported that issues may arise when beneficiaries conclude a lease agreement which is not registered with the fiscal administration.[7]

IGI-DAI delivered 312 residence permits to refugees and 422 to subsidiary protection beneficiaries in 2020. These were first time issued residence permits; beneficiaries have not held another residence permit in the last 6 months[8]

[1]        Article 20(6) Asylum Act.

[2]        Article 51 Asylum Decree.

[3]        Article 50(3) Asylum Decree.

[4]        The form is available at: http://bit.ly/2xaDCgJ.

[5]        Information provided by AIDRom, 4 March 2021.

[6]        Information provided by AIDRom, 4 March 2021.

[7]        Ibid.

[8]        Information provided by IGI-DAI, 16 February 2021.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation