Residence permit


Country Report: Residence permit Last updated: 30/11/20


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The duration of residence permits granted for refugee status is 3 years and for subsidiary protection 2 years.[1]


The conditions for issuing a residence permit – in the form of a card – are prescribed by the Asylum Decree.[2] In order to obtain a residence permit, issued free of charge, the beneficiary of international protection has the obligation to submit to IGI-DAI a document which proves his or her legal residence. This can be a: title of ownership; lease agreement registered with the fiscal administration; commodity contract concluded in authentic form; or any other documents concluded under the conditions of validity provided by Romanian legislation in force regarding the housing title, which prove the acquisition of some housing rights.[3]


Responsibility for issuing the residence permits lies with IGI-DAI. In practice there are no difficulties in the issuance of the residence permit. However, the AIDRom representative in Timișoara stated that beneficiaries encounter difficulties in obtaining a rental contract fulfilling the conditions required by the authorities. Currently, the landlords do not want to declare to the authorities that they rented out their apartments. 


The beneficiary of international protection has to fill in a standard form,[4] which is usually filled in together with the officer in charge. The time of issuance of the residence permit card is issued differs from one Regional Centre to another: 4 weeks in Bucharest, 2-3 weeks in Timișoara, according to the director of the regional centre of Timișoara, 3 weeks Rădăuţi, 2-4 weeks in Galaţi, 4 weeks in Şomcuta Mare, 2-3 weeks in Giurgiu.


According to IOM Romania, a difficulty still reported in 2019 by several beneficiaries of international protection is the fact that their names are transcribed differently from their identification documents or there are different versions of names within the same family.[5]


As regards the renewal of residence permit, beneficiaries of international protection do not encounter any problems. Before the expiry of the residence permit, they fill in a request of renewal and a new card is issued in the same time frame as mentioned above.


IGI-DAI delivered 980 residence permits to refugees and 902 to subsidiary protection beneficiaries in 2019.[6]

[1]          Article 20(6) Asylum Act.

[2]          Article 51 Asylum Decree.

[3]          Article 50(3) Asylum Decree.

[4]          The form is available at:

[5]          Information provided by IOM Romania, 18 November 2019.

[6]          Information provided by IGI-DAI, 20 February 2020.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation