Asylum seekers staying in centres have the right to material reception conditions including accommodation, food, clothing and a cash allowance. The new Asylum Act has introduced in 2018 the possibility of cash allowance for personal needs. However, not a single cash allowance has been granted so far.
Persons seeking asylum and accommodated at an Asylum Centre or a reception centre do not have the right to access social welfare. This remains a possibility for persons staying in private accommodation. Social assistance in these cases shall take the form of a monthly cash allowance provided that the person is not accommodated in an Asylum or Reception Centre and that he or she and the members of his or her family have no other income, or that this income is below the legally prescribed threshold for establishment of the amount of social allowance. The Decision on Social Assistance sets down the following monthly amounts:
- Single adult: RSD 8,283
- Family member: RSD 4,142
- Minor child: RSD 2,485
The decision on the request to exercise the right to monthly allowance is made by the Social Welfare Centre in the municipality of residence of that person. The request is to be supplemented by an ID of an asylum seeker or a person granted asylum and other supporting evidence. The procedure itself is conducted in line with the GAPA provisions. The conditions for exercise of the right to monthly allowance are reviewed ex officio once a year. However, the monthly amount received from the Social Welfare Centre is very limited and generally insufficient in order to maintain a dignified existence.
 Article 50(1) Asylum Act.
 Article 50(2) Asylum Act.
 Article 53 Asylum Act.
 Decision on nominal amounts of social assistance, 27 April 2018.