Freedom of movement


Country Report: Freedom of movement Last updated: 30/11/20


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When opening Asylum Centres, the CRM must act in line with the principles of prohibition of artificial changing of the national composition of local demographics,[1] and equal and planned economic development by managing migration,[2] both foreseen by the Migration Management Act. This is also the case for providing accommodation for persons granted asylum in Serbia.

Article 49 of Asylum Act provides that asylum seeker has the right to reside in the Republic of Serbia, and during that time enjoys freedom of movement throughout the country, unless there exist special grounds for the restriction of movement (see Alternatives to Detention).

Asylum Centres are open and accommodated asylum seekers have the right to leave the centre, although the obligation remains to be present for the daily roll call every evening in order for the centre’s authorities to ascertain that the person in question is still present. If they fail to report, in practice they could be removed from the list and treated as irregular migrants in the future. As ID cards are issued solely to foreigners who have lodged their asylum application, the rest of the people who do not enjoy the status of an asylum seeker may have trouble with the authorities should they be found outside of the Asylum Centre without any documents.



[1] Article 4 Migration Management Act.

[2] Article 5 Migration Management Act.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection