Access to education


Country Report: Access to education Last updated: 30/11/20


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Asylum seekers have the right to free primary and secondary education.[1] The right to education in Serbia is regulated by a number of legal instruments, primarily the Act on the Basis of the Education System,[2] with relevant issues also regulated by the Primary School Act,[3] the Secondary School Act[4] and the High Education Act.[5] These laws also govern the education of foreign nationals and stateless persons and the recognition of foreign school certificates and diplomas.

The Act on the Basis of the Education System foresees that foreign nationals and stateless persons shall enrol in primary and secondary schools and exercise the right to education under the same conditions and in the same manner as Serbian nationals. Schools are obliged to organise language, preparatory and additional classes for foreign pupils, including stateless persons and refugees, who do not speak the language used in the schools or are in need of specific instructions in order to continue their education.[6] Access to education for children shall be secured immediately and, at the latest, within three months from the date of their asylum application.[7]

With joint efforts of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, UNICEF, CRM and other international and non-governmental organisations, all asylum-seeking children were included in mainstream education in the academic year 2017/2018 in line with the regulations governing mandatory attendance of primary schools for all the children irrespective of their status or the status of their parents. A big practical challenge proved to be regular school attendance by underage asylum seekers. Namely, the language barrier and limited number of interpreters for the languages spoken among the refugees resulted in lack of interest among the children to attend the classes they do not understand. An additional challenge is lack of interest of many parents in educational activities, as they are certain their stay in Serbia is only temporary.

Primary and secondary education is available to all the children residing in Krnjača, Tutin and Banja Koviljača. In Banja Koviljača, a number of children at the AC attend preschool institutions and the primary school, in the immediate vicinity of the AC. One child attends high school in Loznica, and the cost of public transportation to Loznica is covered by UNHCR. Primary school is also available for children in Bogovađa and Sjenica, but in the later children (mostly USAC) leave the AC before they adapt to school programme. Another problem for children residing in Sjenica are difficulties in communication. The conclusion that can be drawn is that majority of children do not attend schools regularly, due to problems in communication, but also frequent absence from asylum centres.

During the 2018/2019 school year, 383 migrant children, including 82 unaccompanied children, were enrolled in 40 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, and 10 pre-school institutions.[8]


[1] Article 55(1) Asylum Act.

[2] Act on the Basis of the Education System of the Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 72/2009 and 52/2011.

[3] Primary School Act of the Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 50/92, 53/93,67/93,48/94,66/94 – Constitutional Court decision, 22/2002, 62/2009 – other law, 101/2005 – other law and 72/2009 – other law.

[4] Secondary School Act of the Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 50/92, 53/93, 67/93, 48/94, 24/96, 23/2002, 25/2002 – cor. 62/2003 – other law, 64/2003 – corr. of other law, 101/2005 – other law, 72/2009 – other law and 55/2013 – other law.

[5] High Education Act of the Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, no. 76/2005, 100/2007 – authentic interpretation, 97/2008 and 44/2010, 93/2012 and 89/2013.

[6] Article 100 Law on the Basis of the Education System of the Republic of Serbia.

[7] Article 55(2) Asylum Act.

[8] EU Support to Serbia in Managing Migrations – MADAD 2, available (in Serbian) at:


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection