Sweden is one of the main destinations of Syrian asylum seekers. In 2019, out of a total of 21,958 applicants, 2,647 came from Syria; 975 from Georgia; 1,054 from Iraq; 766 from Eritrea; 808 were stateless, 825 from Afghanistan and 755 from Somalia.
The recognition rate at first instance was 35% in 2019, down from 39% in 2018. The Migration Courts approved 17% of appeals in 2019, up from 12% in 2018.
According to the Migration Agency, the recognition rate for Syrians for 2019 at first instance was 97%. 1,995 Syrians were granted protection, which in the clear majority of cases was subsidiary protection. For Eritrea the recognition rate was 91% (same recognition rate as 2018) with 715 permits granted. For Afghanistan 45% with 429 permits granted. Stateless applicants were granted asylum in 60% of cases with 480 permits granted. Somali recognition rates were 47% with 291 cases approved. Recognition rates for Iraq were 24% with 305 cases approved. For Iran the rates are 38% with 424 cases approved.
Applicants from countries with a recognition rate below 20% have their cases treated under the accelerated procedure (“Track 4B”) even if they are individually assessed. Decision-making resources are diverted to this group when there is a large influx of applicants in order not to miss the 3-month time limit for dealing with a case as manifestly unfounded (see section on Accelerated Procedure). Even though Sweden only registers the nationality of asylum seekers and not their ethnicity, many asylum seekers in this group are of Roma origin. Similar procedures are followed with regard to asylum applications from Mongolia.