Types of accommodation


Country Report: Types of accommodation Last updated: 30/11/20


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Housing offered by the Migration Agency is either in an apartment, in a normal housing area or at a centre. Asylum seekers can choose to live at a centre but in that case they will need to move to a town where the Migration Agency can offer them a place. Asylum seekers may also choose to opt for private accommodation with friends or relatives. However, the Migration Agency can only influence matters concerning the accommodation they themselves provide since they hold the contracts for the flats and can make demands on the owners regarding material conditions.

The total number of asylum seekers registered in the reception system at the end of 2019 was 40,312 (down from 52,565 in 2018), of which 16,739 were living in Migration Agency accommodation, 22,350 in private accommodation and 1,223 in other forms of accommodation.[1]

The preferred forms of accommodation for housing asylum seekers are individual flats which are rented in most municipalities working with the Migration Agency in Sweden.

The continuing drop of asylum seekers in the reception system has led to further reductions in the number of places in Migration Agency accommodation to 20,332 places by the end of 2019. This number has been steadily reduced over the past years: from 76,721 places in 2016 to 47,034 places in 2017, and to 26,307 places in 2018. By the end of 2019, 16,739 persons were staying in the available 20,332 places.[2]

The Migration Agency also operates “transit centres” for persons who have agreed to voluntary departure to the home country or Dublin cases. There are four facilities established in Åby (193 placed there at year-end)  in Malmö (99 placed there at year end)  Gothenburg (no figures available) and Knivsta (317 placed there at year-end). The facility in Åby has a capacity of 193 places housed in a former detention centre. People are free to come and go in day time but must report back by night. If persons change their mind about voluntary departure their case is handed over to the police.[3]

[1] Migration Agency, Annual Report 2019, p. 62, available in Swedish at: http://bit.ly/382Zbh6.

[2] Migration Agency, Annual Report 2019, p. 62 and 65, available in Swedish at: http://bit.ly/382Zbh6.

[3] Migration Agency, ‘Snabbare och enklare utresor via utreseboenden’, 1 January 2017, available in Swedish at: https://bit.ly/2GjzRpM.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX – I Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation