Persons residing in Sweden need to register at the Swedish Population Register.
When a child is born in Sweden, the maternity ward gathers information about the child and parents and sends a notification to the taxation authorities who register the birth and give the child a unique personal identity number which gives access to the welfare system etc.
To register an existing marriage that took place outside Sweden, the taxation authorities have to be notified and evidence of the marriage submitted. Marriages that take place in Sweden require that the couple first go through a procedure with the taxation authorities and their country of origin authorities to prove that they are not married to someone else (hindersprövning). A certificate from the taxation office has to be shown before any marriage ceremony. The person effecting the marriage ceremony must testify that a marriage took place and fill in the requisite form.
Without civil registration a person will have problems with: opening a bank account; working in Sweden; obtaining medical treatment; registering for social insurance; and learning Swedish. Nevertheless, a person who does not have a personal identity programme is allowed to attend
language courses if he or she has a right to reside in Sweden.
Registering promptly is not so easy since many documents need to be authorised and approved before access to the system is granted. Of primary importance is to register with the tax authorities and obtain a personal identity number. This can take some time to obtain. If civil registration does not take place promptly and the beneficiary of international protection needs Health Care then there is a risk that the cost for health care will not be subsidised and therefore be billed for the full cost. Delayed registration with the social insurance office can also cause problems for access to health insurance and the right of a parent to be at home with a sick or newly-born child and get paid the appropriate rate. Once registration is complete there is equal access to these rights as nationals.
 Ch. 22, Section 13 and Ch. 29, Section 2 Skollag Svensk författningssamling (2010:800). See National Board of Trade, ‘Without a personal identity number in Sweden’, available at: http://bit.ly/2t2f0Fq.