The regulations covering travel documents are contained in Chapter 2 of the Aliens Ordinance Act, supplemented by rules issued by the Migration Agency.
The travel documents can be issued normally for five years. Unless the person is granted Swedish citizenship in the meantime (see Naturalisation) he or she will have to apply for a new travel documents after five years.
The travel documents issued to refugees are valid for all countries except for their home country. Palestinian refugees under UNRWA protection are granted Refugee Convention travel documents. A total of 19,932 travel documents were issued in 2021.
Persons granted subsidiary protection can under certain circumstances be granted an Aliens passport. If they possess a valid national passport they are allowed to keep it but if they are unable to acquire or renew a national passport they can apply for an Aliens passport. This is issued for at most five years at a time and is renewable but its validity can be restricted to certain countries after an individual assessment by the Migration Agency. In 2021, a total of 13,831 passports were issued.
Both travel documents and aliens’ passports can include information that the identity of the holder has not been fully established. If the beneficiary has been unable to fully substantiate his or her identity, then the refugee travel document or alien’s passport is stamped with the phrase “The holder has not proven his/her identity”. This means that there can be difficulties travelling between EU countries and even greater difficulties visiting other countries. The UK requires that a Convention refugee in Sweden must apply for a visa in such a case. Such a notification can be removed should the person provide substantial proof of identity.
Travel document applications are handled by the Swedish Migration Agency.