Access to the labour market


Country Report: Access to the labour market Last updated: 03/06/21


The residence permit issued to refugees and to subsidiary protection beneficiaries allows access to work and even to public employment, with the only permissible limit of positions involving the exercise of public authority or responsibility for safeguarding the general interests of the State.[1] However, the Navigation Code states that enrolment of cadets, students and pupils is reserved only for EU or Italian citizens, a rule that appears to be discriminatory.[2]

Beneficiaries are entitled to the same treatment as Italian citizens in matters of employment, self-employment, subscription to professional bodies, vocational training, including refresher courses, for training in the workplace and for services rendered by employment centres.

According to the law, the Prefects, in agreement with the Municipalities, promote any initiative for the voluntary involvement of asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection in activities of social utility in favour of local communities. The activities are unpaid and financed by EU funds.[3]


[1]   Article 25 Qualification Decree.

[2] Article 119 Navigation Code.

[3]  Article 22-bis Reception Decree, as amended by Article 8 Decree Law 13/2017 and L 46/2017, amended by L 173/2020 in order to include asylum seekers.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation