The Reception Decree prohibits the detention of asylum seekers for the sole purpose of examining their asylum application. However, the new provisions introduced by Decree Law 113/2018, implemented by L 132/2018, create the risk of automatic violation of this principle since they foresee detention in suitable facilities set up in hotspots, first reception centres or subsequently in pre-removal centres (Centri di permanenza per il rimpatrio, CPR) for the purpose of establishing identity or nationality).
The number of persons entering the hotspots in 2019 is not available at the time of writing.
As of 20 June 2019, as reported from the Guarantor for the rights of detained persons, 2,267 people had been detained in CPRs, out of which 1,022 actually returned.
The number of CPR has increased from five in 2017 to nine in 2019: Restinco in Brindisi, Bari, Caltanissetta, Ponte Galeria in Rome (only for women), Turin, Palazzo San Gervasio in Potenza, Basilicata, Trapani, Gradisca d’Isonzo in Gorizia, Macomer, Cagliari, in Sardinia.
The total official capacity of the centres was 1,380 places as of early 2020.
Persons applying for asylum in CPR are subject to the Accelerated Procedure.
 Article 6(1) Reception Decree.
Article 6(3-bis) Reception Decree, inserted by Article 3 Decree Law 113/2018 and L 132/2018.
 Hearing at Chamber of Deputies of the Guarantor for the rights of detained persons, 27 June 2019, available in Italian at: https://cutt.ly/wyO8EI6.