Alternatives to detention


Country Report: Alternatives to detention Last updated: 03/06/21


Article 6(5) of the Reception Decree makes reference to the alternatives to detention provided in the TUI. To this end, authorities should apply Article 14 TUI to the compatible extent, including the provisions on alternative detention measures provided by Article 14(1-bis).

The TUI provides that a foreign national who has received an expulsion order may request to the Prefect a certain period of time for voluntary departure. In that case the person will not be detained and will not be forcibly removed from the territory. However, in order to benefit from this measure, some strict requirements must be fulfilled:[1]

  • No expulsion order for state security and public order grounds has been issued against the person concerned;
  • There is no risk of absconding; and
  • The request of permit of stay has not been rejected as manifestly unfounded or fraudulent.

In case the Prefect grants a voluntary departure period, then by virtue of Article 13(5.2) of the Consolidated Act on Immigration, the chief of the Questura resorts to one or more alternative measures to detention such as:

  • The obligation to hand over passport to the police until departure;
  • The obligation to reside in a specific domicile where the person can be contacted;
  • The obligation to report to police authorities following police instructions.

The Reception Decree provides that when the detained applicant requests to be returned to his or her country of origin or to the country from which he or she came from, the removal order[2] shall be immediately adopted or executed. The repatriation request corresponds to a withdrawal of the application for international protection.[3]

In case the applicant is the recipient of an expulsion order,[4] the deadline for the voluntary departure set out by Article 13(5) shall be suspended for the time necessary for the examination of his/her asylum application. In this case the applicant has access to reception centres.[5]



[1]            Articles 13(5.2) and 14-ter TUI.

[2]           Pursuant to Article 13(4) and (5-bis) TUI.

[3]           Article 6(9) Reception Decree.

[4]           The expulsion order to be executed according to the procedures set out in Article 13(5)-(5.2) TUI.

[5]           Article 6(10) Reception Decree.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation