Safe country of origin


Country Report: Safe country of origin Last updated: 19/05/21


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According to Article 2 of the International Protection Act, a safe country of origin means a country of which the applicant is a national or, being a stateless person, was formerly habitually resident in that country and the applicant has not submitted any serious grounds for considering the country not to be a safe country of origin in his particular circumstances.

The Act also provides, by way of a Schedule, the list of countries of origin considered as safe. The Minister responsible for Home Affairs is competent to amend the list of countries and may review the list whenever necessary by means of an administrative act. The last amendment to the list is dated 2020 when it included Bangladesh and Morocco. Currently the list of safe country of origin includes: Australia, Benin, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Gabon, Ghana, India, Jamaica, Japan, New Zealand, Senegal, United States of America, Uruguay, Member States of the European Union and EEA countries. The criteria as to which countries are listed/removed is unclear.

The concept of safe country of origin can be used to consider an application manifestly unfounded. This would, in turn, render the accelerated procedure applicable.[1]

As already mentioned, it looks like this concept is now implemented speedily to reject applications, especially from nationals of Bangladesh, Morocco, and Ghana. It also concerns applicants having claims within scope of the refugee or subsidiary protection definition who might see their applications deemed manifestly unfounded and, as a consequence, denied the possibility to appeal. On the basis of application of this principle, they would immediately receive a return decision/removal order once the IPAT confirms the application as being manifestly unfounded.

In 2020, 210 applications were rejected as manifestly unfounded on the basis that the applicants were coming from a safe country of origin. As already mentioned, 100% of the applications filed by Bangladeshis (with the exception of 1 THP status) or Moroccans applicants were rejected.



[1]           Articles 8(1)(h) and 23 International Protection Act.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation