First country of asylum


Country Report: First country of asylum Last updated: 10/07/24



Since the 2015 reform of the law, the safe country of origin concept is not applicable in Poland. The draft law submitted in 2017 (and updated in February 2019, yet not adopted as of February 2023) introduces the safe country of origin concept and foresees the adoption of national lists of safe countries of origin and safe third countries.[1]

The concept of the first country of asylum is included in the law and reflects the wording of Article 35 of the recast Asylum Procedures Directive. This provision was not applied in practice in 2023 and 2022.[2]




[1] Draft law available (in Polish) at:

[2] Information provided by the Office for Foreigners, 16 February 2024 and 3 February 2023.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the previous report update
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation