Number of staff and nature of the first instance authority


Country Report: Number of staff and nature of the first instance authority Last updated: 30/11/20


Name in English

Number of staff

Ministry responsible

Is there any political interference possible by the responsible Minister with the decision making in individual cases by the determining authority?

Migration Office


Ministry of the Interior


Source: Migration Office


The determining authority is the Migration Office, which is part of the Internal Administrative Affairs, Migration and Naturalisation Directorate of the Ministry of the Interior. It is a specialised and centralised authority responsible for examining applications for international protection and competent to take decisions at first instance.

Out of 54 employees at the Migration Office, around 15 take decisions on asylum applications. This means that the caseworker conducting the interview is not necessarily responsible for deciding on the asylum application. The separation of tasks between an interviewer and a decision-maker was introduced in June 2016 with the aim to speed up and improve the efficiency of the asylum procedure. Since then, when an application for international protection is lodged, a “first in-merit interview” is conducted, during which the applicant provides detailed grounds for applying for asylum. The case is then referred to a “decision maker”, who can either issue a decision on the asylum application or decide to conduct a second in-merit interview. There is no official communication between the first interviewer and the decision-maker.

As regards quality assurance, the Migration Office has established a mechanism whereby each decision has to be authorised by a responsible official of the Sector for international protection procedures before it is issued. A review is thus conducted on the case files, the documentation, country of origin information (COI) and the decision made in the individual case

In absence of a specific unit responsible for applications from vulnerable persons, staff of the Sector for international protection of the Migration Office receive specific training from the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) on three modules: interviewing vulnerable groups, interviewing children, gender identity and sexual orientation. In addition, EASO trainings on victims of human trafficking and COI were provided in the first half of 2019.[1]

[1]  ECRE, Asylum authorities: an overview of internal structures and available resources, October 2019, available at:, 45.


Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation