Housing

Slovenia

Country Report: Housing Last updated: 30/11/20

Author

Beneficiaries of international protection have to move out of reception (except Student Dormitory Postojna) as soon as the positive decision on their asylum applications becomes enforceable, i.e. within 15 days of being granted status.[1] At the end of 2019, nine persons holding international protection status were living in the reception centre.

Beneficiaries without financial means and for whom accommodation is not provided in another way are entitled to financial assistance for accommodation for a period of 18 months after being granted status.[2] They are entitled to the same assistance for a further 18 months, altogether three years, upon condition that they have attended at least 80% of free training of Slovenian language and culture, organised by the UOIM (see Access to Education).[3] Students, including students enrolled in adult education, who have financial means and are in the Republic of Slovenia without parents or other persons legally required to provide for them, are entitled to the assistance for a period of three years after being granted status, or until they finish schooling, but not after they reach the age of 26.[4]

This financial assistance covers the rent for accommodation and related utility costs. The maximum monthly amount for single claimants is linked to the monthly amount of financial social assistance, currently €402,48. In the case of families, the maximum amount per person is less, calculated in accordance with a Decree.[5]

Beneficiaries receive assistance with finding apartments in the real estate market and assistance in other aspects of integration by the UOIM and by NGOs, mainly Društvo Odnos and Slovene Philanthropy. High prices and distrust of migrants by potential landlords often pose an obstacle to finding suitable apartments. One identified systemic shortcoming in relation to housing for beneficiaries is the restriction of access to non-profit rental apartments,[6] since this right is by law only available to Slovenian citizens.

As of 31 December 2019, 535 beneficiaries of international protection lived in private apartments.

In the first year after receiving status, monetary assistance can be substituted with free accommodation in “Integration Houses” of the Ministry of the Interior, which are facilities comprising of apartments for beneficiaries.[7] Based on justified medical or other reasons, accommodation in the Integration House can be extended for a further six months.[8] The Ministry of the Interior currently administers three Integration Houses, one in Ljubljana, intended for families and single women, and one in Maribor, intended for single men and one in Velenje:

 

Capacity and occupancy of Integration Houses

Integration House

Capacity

Occupancy at 31 December 2019

Ljubljana

15

3

Maribor

45

26

Velenje

30

0

Total

90

29

Source: UOIM

 

Unaccompanied children that obtain international protection can currently keep their accommodation in the Student Dormitory Postojna, where they have also been accommodated as asylum applicants. The solution mentioned in Special Reception Needs will also include unaccompanied children with international protection status.

Reunited family members of a beneficiary of international protection (both refugee and subsidiary protection status) are entitled to accommodation in an Integration House, together with the sponsor.[9] Reunited family members of a person with refugee status are also entitled to financial assistance with accommodation at a private address,[10] however this right is no longer available to family members of persons with subsidiary protection since the entry into force of the IPA in April 2016.



[1]  Article 70 (1) IPA.

[2]  Article 97(1) IPA.

[3]  Article 97(2) IPA.

[4]  Article 97(3) IPA.

[5] Article 9 Decree on the methods and conditions for ensuring the rights of persons with international protection.

[6]  Apartments owned by the municipality, the state, the public housing fund or a non-profit housing organization, leased out under a reduced rent, pursuant to the Housing Act, Official Gazette of RS, No. 69/2003 and subsequent amendments.

[7]  Article 93(1) IPA.

[8]  Article 93(2) IPA.

[9]  Article 93(2) IPA.

[10] Article 97(5) IPA.

 

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation