Housing

Slovenia

Country Report: Housing Last updated: 25/05/22

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Beneficiaries of international protection have to move out of reception (except Student Dormitory Postojna) as soon as the positive decision on their asylum applications becomes enforceable, i.e. within 15 days of being granted status.[1] At the end of 2021, 19 persons holding international protection status were living in the reception centre.[2]

In line with the amendments of the IPA, beneficiaries need to sign an integration contract with the UOIM if they want to access integration services, including housing.[3]

Beneficiaries without financial means and for whom accommodation is not provided in another way must sign the integration contract in order to receive financial assistance for accommodation.[4] The time period for which they are entitled to assistance has been shortened by the amendments of the IPA from 18 months to 1 year after being granted status.[5] If they attend at least 80% of free training in Slovenian language and culture, and visit their case worker at least once a month, the assistance can be prolonged for an additional 1 year.[6] (see Access to Education).[7] (This time period was also shortened by the amendments – previously this was 18 months).

Students, including students enrolled in adult education, who have financial means and are in the Republic of Slovenia without parents or other persons legally required to provide for them, are entitled to the assistance until they finish schooling, but not after they reach the age of 26, the condition being that they obtained their student status within one year of signing the integration contract[8]

This financial assistance covers the rent for accommodation and related utility costs. The maximum monthly amount for single claimants is linked to the monthly amount of financial social assistance, currently €402.18. In the case of families, the maximum amount per person is less, calculated in accordance with a Decree.[9]

Beneficiaries receive assistance with finding apartments in the real estate market and assistance in other aspects of integration by the UOIM and by NGOs, mainly Društvo Odnos and Slovene Philanthropy. High prices and distrust of migrants by potential landlords often pose an obstacle to finding suitable apartments. One identified systemic shortcoming in relation to housing for beneficiaries is the restriction of access to non-profit rental apartments,[10] since this right is by law only available to Slovenian citizens.

As of 31 December, 2021, 573 beneficiaries of international protection lived in private apartments.[11]

In the first year after receiving status, monetary assistance can be substituted with free accommodation in “Integration Houses” of the UOIM, which are facilities comprising of apartments for beneficiaries.[12]

If they attend at least 80% of free training in Slovenian language and culture, and visit their case worker at least once a month, the assistance can be prolonged for an additional 1 year.[13]

Based on justified medical or other reasons, accommodation in the Integration House can be extended for a further six months, on the condition that the person signs the integration contract and meets at least one of the above-mentioned conditions.[14] If the beneficiaries have their own means of subsistence (of an amount equivalent to the minimal income), or if this is provided to them in another way, they have to cover their proportionate share of accommodation costs in the Integration House or another accommodation capacity.[15]

The UOIM currently administers three Integration Houses, one in Ljubljana, intended for families and single women, and one in Maribor, intended for single men.

Capacity and occupancy of Integration Houses
Integration House Capacity Occupancy at 31 December 2021
Ljubljana 15 5
Maribor 45 6
Total 60 11

Source: UOIM.

 

Unaccompanied children that obtain international protection can currently keep their accommodation in the Student Dormitory Postojna, where they have also been accommodated as asylum applicants. The solution mentioned in Special Reception Needs will also include unaccompanied children with international protection status. At the end of the year, 3 beneficiaries of international protection were living in the Student Dormitory Postojna.[16]

Reunited family members of a beneficiary of international protection (both refugee and subsidiary protection status) are entitled to accommodation in an Integration House, together with the sponsor.[17] Reunited family members of a person with refugee status are also entitled to financial assistance with accommodation at a private address,[18] however this right is no longer available to family members of persons with subsidiary protection.

 

 

 

[1] Article 70 (1) IPA.

[2] Official statistics provided by UOIM, January 2021.

[3] Article 90(3) IPA.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Article 97(1) IPA.

[6] Article 97(1) IPA.

[7] Article 97(2) IPA.

[8] Article 97(3) IPA.

[9] Article 20 Decree on the methods and conditions for ensuring the rights of persons with international protection.

[10] Apartments owned by the municipality, the state, the public housing fund or a non-profit housing organization, leased out under a reduced rent, pursuant to the Housing Act, Official Gazette of RS, No. 69/2003 and subsequent amendments.

[11] Official statistics provided by UOIM, January 2021.

[12] Article 93(1) IPA.

[13] Article 93(3) IPA.

[14] Article 93(3) IPA.

[15] Article 93(6) IPA.

[16] Official statistics provided by UOIM, March 2022.

[17] Article 93(2) IPA.

[18] Article 97(5) IPA.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation