General (scope, time limits)
The possibility of border procedures was added to the existing legal provision on airport and port procedures with the new IPA in 2016.
Although regulated in law, the procedure at the border, airport or port is not used in practice. There are two border transit zones in Slovenia, one at the Jože Pučnik Airport in Ljubljana and one at Edvard Rusjan Airport in Maribor. Persons can be detained in both transit zones. However, whilst detention occurs in these locations this is not for the purpose of the border procedure (see Detention conditions). People who apply for international protection at the border, airport or port are, therefore, first processed by the Police in the preliminary procedure and then transferred to the Asylum Home in Ljubljana as part of the Regular Procedure. The reason the procedure is not used in practice is mainly practical since the Asylum Home serves not only as a reception centre but also hosts the majority of the asylum procedure and, therefore, the majority of services intended for the applicants are also provided there (social services, legal representation etc.). Such infrastructure is currently not in place at the border, airport or port. The provision was included in the IPA to enable the procedure on the border, airport or port in case of a large number of applicants, as explained in the preamble to the draft of the IPA.
According to the law, a border, airport or port procedure can result in: (a) rejection of the asylum application as manifestly unfounded; (b) a Dublin decision; (c) a safe third country, European safe third country, or first country of asylum decision. The decision in the border, airport or port procedure has to be taken in the shortest time possible but no later than within 14 days. If the decision is not taken in 14 days or if the application needs to be examined in a regular procedure, the applicant is transferred to the Asylum Home and the regular procedure is carried out.
The authority responsible for making the decision in the border, airport or port procedure is also the Migration Office of the Ministry of the Interior, similarly to the regular procedure. All other rules are the same as in the regular procedure: the decision on entry to the territory is taken by the Police and from the moment someone has expressed an intention to apply for international protection, he or she cannot be deported from the country.
In case of a large number of applicants who express the intention to apply for international protection at the border, airport or port, they can be accommodated near the border under the condition that material reception conditions are guaranteed.
In the border procedure, the same rules for appeals apply as in the relevant procedures conducted on the territory (see Dublin: Appeal, Admissibility Procedure: Appeal and Accelerated Procedure: Appeal).
The law does not contain any special provisions regarding legal representation of asylum seekers during the border procedure. Free legal representation during the first instance procedure is not guaranteed by the IPA, while support and legal assistance in the appeal procedure is provided to applicants by refugee counsellors.
 Article 43 IPA.
 Article 43(1) IPA.
 Article 36(1) IPA.
 Article 43(2) IPA.
 Article 9(1) IPA.