Health care

Slovenia

Country Report: Health care Last updated: 31/03/21

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Asylum seekers have the right to urgent medical care which includes emergency medical assistance and emergency rescue services based on the decision of the doctor, the right to emergency dental assistance, emergency treatment based on the decision of the treating physician and health care for women.[1] Asylum-seeking children and students up to the age of 26 are entitled to health care to the same extent as other children in Slovenia who are insured as family members,[2] which means they enjoy full medical coverage.

Vulnerable persons with special needs are also entitled to additional health services, including psychotherapeutic assistance, following approval from a special committee comprising of a representative of the UOIM, a nurse or medical technician employed in the Asylum Home, a representative of NGOs working in the field of asylum and a representative of the Ministry of Health (see Special Reception Needs).[3] Other asylum seekers can also be granted such additional health services by the committee in exceptional cases.[4]

The Asylum Home employs a nurse, who is present in the facility on a daily basis. A psychiatrist visits the Asylum Home on a weekly basis. Asylum seekers accommodated in branch facilities can also make an appointment and visit the psychiatrist in the Asylum Home.

Applicants access health care through the regular Slovenian health care system (clinics, hospitals) under the conditions described above. Applicants who need assistance with accessing health care can receive help by the social workers. Unaccompanied children are escorted to the doctor by their legal guardians. UOIM provides interpretation in regard to access to health care both in reception centres and in other medical facilities.

Asylum seekers obtain mandatory health insurance after they have been granted international protection (see Content of Protection: Health Care).[5]

In 2019, during the increase of arrivals, hygiene conditions were low in the pre-reception area of the Asylum Home which was overcrowded, as well as the common activities area where they were temporarily accommodated. In 2020, the conditions worsened while asylum procedures were temporarily suspended for the month of April 2020 because of COVID-19. Due to the high number of individuals waiting to lodge an application, people were also accommodated in containers outside the Asylum Home. Due to the backlog of applications, people had to wait up to 2 months before being able to lodge their application. Medical examinations, which are normally conducted one day before an individual lodges their application, were conducted shortly after the arrival of persons. Those who did not show any signs of COVID-19 during the quarantine period were permitted to lodge an application.  In this time, individuals were in contact with asylum seekers and employees of the Asylum Home. The circumstances represented a health risk for both the asylum seekers and people working in the Asylum Home. Asylum seekers were not included in the national vaccination strategy since only individuals with a temporary or permanent residence permit are included in the strategy.

 

[1]  Article 86(1) IPA.

[2] Article 86(3) IPA.

[3] This is the same body which decides on requests to reside outside the Asylum Home, extended by an additional member – representative of the Ministry of Health (see Forms and Levels of Material Reception Conditions).

[4] Article 86(2) IPA.

[5] Article 98(2) IPA.

Table of contents

  • Statistics
  • Overview of the legal framework
  • Overview of the main changes since the first report
  • Asylum Procedure
  • Reception Conditions
  • Detention of Asylum Seekers
  • Content of International Protection
  • ANNEX I – Transposition of the CEAS in national legislation